European Commission

Items authored


Transforming public spaces to promote physical activity — a key contributor to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals in Europe (2017)
14 Nov 2017

As cities continue to expand in population, there is a growing need to develop ways of supporting physical activity in dense urban settings.


29 Jun 2016

The Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) is a composite index that summarises relevant indicators on Europe’s digital performance and tracks the evolution of EU member states in digital competitiveness.


19 Oct 2009

The European Commission adopted a Communication on Copyright in the Knowledge Economy aiming to tackle the important cultural and legal challenges of mass-scale digitisation and dissemination of books, in particular of European library collections. Digital libraries such as Europeana will provide researchers and consumers across...

Items published


18 Sep 2017

This report argues that we need to think about data differently - moving away from ideas of data as a commodity to be bought and sold, and more as a common good that can deliver significant personal and public benefits.


RIS3 Guide
15 May 2012

How do European policy makers design, draft and implement national/regional research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation?

Items associated

Journal article

22 Aug 2013

This paper covers the field of information and communication technology (ICT) as well as e-learning in higher education; and explicates how a change from the traditional teaching methods to a modified digital schooling might benefit the learning outcome for students. During the spring semester of...

Research report

24 Apr 2013

This report presents 62 indicators on teachers and school leaders from pre-primary to upper secondary education in 32 countries (EU Member States, Croatia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Turkey).

Six topics are covered: initial teacher education and support for beginning teachers; recruitment, employers and contracts;...

Research report

27 Mar 2012

The report provides both a comparative overview and national descriptions of entrepneurship education in European schools.

The short comparative overview, covering EU Member States, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey, shows that the great majority of European countries address entrepreneurship education through national strategies...

Research report

10 Feb 2012

This paper combines statistical data and qualitative information to describe the organisation and functioning of education systems in Europe.

The report is organised into seven subject-based chapters entitled Context, Structures, Participation, Resources, Teachers and Management Staff, Educational Processes and Qualification Levels and Transition to...

Discussion paper

20 Jul 2011

The public consultation on the Common Strategic Framework for EU research and innovation funding (launched on 9 February 2011) closed on 20 May 2011. The response to the consultation has been nothing less than overwhelming, with an unprecedented 775 position papers received and more than...