The AIC has had a number of notable achievements during the year in relation to the two key aspects of its work—the conduct of criminological research and the dissemination of research findings.
In 2015–16 the Institute conducted research on an impressive array of topics...
While the volume and rate of individual crime types has fluctuated over the past few years, overall, crime in Australia has been decreasing. Australian Crime: Facts & figures uses information compiled from a broad range of sources to create an accurate and...
This is the first of a two part series on spectator violence at sporting events. Part one covers spectator violence at professional sporting events. The second will focus on issues of violence at amateur sporting events, particularly parents as spectators and the behaviours they exhibit....
Bushfires arson, like structural arson, is a strongly patterned activity. These patterns seem to be mainly determined by the interplay between socioeconomic and environmental dynamics.
Since the fundamentals of these two factors change slowly, bushfire arson tends to happen at the same time and...
Situational crime prevention is a primary prevention measure, directed at stopping crime problems before they occur. It focuses on reducing crime opportunities rather than on the characteristics of criminals or potential criminals. Situational prevention seeks to reduce opportunities for specific categories of crime by increasing...
Although "crime reduction" and "crime prevention" are essentially the same things -- combinations of actions designed to eliminate and/or minimise the occurrence of crime and the harm associated with it - they do imply slightly different goals. This edition of AICrime Reductions Matters, a fortnightly...
The sexual exploitation of children, both males and females, has only been officially acknowledged in the last few decades. One of the key issues is the experiences of child complainants of sexual abuse in the justice system. An AIC conference sought to provide academics, researchers,...
This study, commissioned by the National Missing Persons Coordination Centre (NMPCC) of the Australian Federal Police, updates missing person statistics and describes the extent to which known risk factors correlate with categories of missing persons.
This study sought to examine the prevalence of cognitive impairment in a representative sample of Indigenous offenders from Victorian prisons.
Findings in this report suggest that police detainees in Australia are largely supportive of the use of police body-worn cameras (BWCs), but this was predicated on a number of operational and procedural requirements.
In this study, adult police detainees were interviewed about their views and experiences of CCTV through an addendum to the Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA) program.
Police use a variety of techniques in their investigation of serious violent crimes, such as homicide, robbery, assault and sexual assault. This paper systematically reviews experimental and quasi-experimental research on the effectiveness of these investigative techniques.
This paper outlines the regulatory requirements of different U.S states for managing medicinal and recreational marijuana use, and the costs and benefits of these measures.
This report presents the results of a literature review on bail support programs and services commissioned by the ACT Justice and Community Safety Directorate as part of their Justice Reform Strategy.
In 2013–14, the homicide incident rate reached a historical low of one per 100,000 people.
This paper discusses the implications for policy development around the management of student misbehaviour and conduct breaches.