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Conference proceedings

Living and learning: research for a better built environment

02 Dec 2015





Foreword: The Architectural Science Association (ASA), formally known as the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA), was established in 1963 with the goal of promoting architectural science, theory, education and practice. A particular focus of ASA is the development, documentation and application of innovative approaches to environmentally sustainable design. Annual conferences have been held since 1966.

The built environment and our understanding of the effect that it has on our natural environment have developed dramatically over the last several decades. With the deepening evidence of the effect that humans are having on the degradation of global ecosystems, there has never been a greater need for research in the field of architectural science. The ASA2015 Conference coincides with the coming together of world leaders at the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris.

While the aims of ASA2015 may be slightly less ambitious, they are nonetheless just as important in understanding how to develop and apply the knowledge and solutions needed to address the pressing environmental concerns of our time and the central role that the built environment has to play in this.

This publication contains the 115 papers that were accepted for presentation at the 49th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association (ASA2015), hosted by the Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning at The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia from 2 - 4 December 2015. These papers are also available individually from the ASA website (

The conference theme, Living and Learning: Research for a Better Built Environment, reflects our view of a sustainable built environment as a maturing industry and field of research, but one that we still have a lot to learn about in order to achieve real change. The role of research in improving the built environment is reflected across the 13 different themes of the conference which encompass the breadth of architectural science.

Each paper in these proceedings has undergone a rigorous peer review process. Following the call for abstracts in March 2015, a total of 309 abstracts were submitted for peer review. Each abstract was double-blind peer reviewed by the International Scientific Committee, made up of members from 15 countries, across six continents. Of these, 227 abstracts were accepted for development into a full paper. There were 142 full papers submitted, each of which was then double-blind peer reviewed by two to three members of the International Scientific Committee. Based on the reviewer recommendations, 115 papers were accepted for presentation at the conference. This represents the largest number of papers ever presented at an ASA/ANZAScA conference.

These proceedings, as well as the diverse range of research presented within them, are testament to the importance and diversity of the field of architectural science. This, combined with the involvement of delegates from 17 countries highlights the relevance of the Architectural Science Association, more than 50 years since it was established.

We are excited to be able to welcome all conference delegates to ASA2015, particularly as this is first time in thirty-three years that the conference has been held in Melbourne. This is timely as it coincides with the construction of the new Melbourne School of Design Building, which provides a ‘living’ example of many of the theories, learnings and techniques developed within the field of architectural science.



Understanding the changing thermal comfort requirements and preferences of older Australians

Drivers and barriers to heatwave-resilient building retrofitting in the Australian context

Fads, façade and face of building: a proposal for an urban university campus expansion

Living and learning in practice: University of Arizona engineering innovation building (EIB)

Precipitation and buildings: estimation of the natural potential of locations to sustain indirect evaporative cooling strategies through hot seasons

Residential adaptive reuse in inner city Melbourne

Sustainability vs. pedagogy: synergies and tensions to be resolved in the design of learning environments

Sustainable schools as pedagogical tools for environmental education

The NSW demountable classroom: an analytical study to improve this radical building solution for education

The physical and social aspects of retrofitting passive cooling strategies to timber school buildings and their surrounds in South East Queensland

Accessible parking: are users voices heard within the built environment sphere?

Exploring relations between body, communication and agency in therapeutic space

Green building design and visual persuasion on occupants’ proenvironmental behaviours

Guidelines for personalization opportunities in apartment housing

How do people use large houses?

Learning from informal settlements: provision and incremental construction of housing for the urban poor in Davao City, Philippines

Measuring the impact of openness, enclosure, mystery and complexity: a meta-analysis of the results

Negotiation of identities in the emergent cosmopolitan Indian landscape – analyses of the designs of new luxury high-rise apartments in neo-liberal India

Pavement cafes as the activity zone in the social life of neighbourhood centres

Perceptions of change in office space design: redesigning Barwon Water’s office environment

Social participation in designing everyday spaces enabled by networked media: a case study of DIY rainbow crossing

Stairway to health: an analysis for workplace stairs design and use

BIM for procurement – procuring for BIM

Density comparisons in New Zealand and European housing

Investigating thermal comfort and occupants position impacts on building sustainability using CFD and BIM

Modeling the carbon footprint of urban development: a case study in Melbourne

Neighbourhood Information Models: 3D digital tools supporting surveyor-architect-planner workflows

The principles of a classification system for BIM: Uniclass 2015

A life cycle assessment approach to improving the energy performance of housing: a case study

Adapting Malaysian housing for smart grid deployment based on the first nationwide energy consumption survey of terrace houses

Bridging the gap: energy efficiency improvements for rental properties

Does current policy on building energy efficiency reduce a building’s life cycle energy demand?

House size and future building energy efficiency regulations in Australia

Household energy use in Uganda: existing sources, consumption, and future challenges

Influence of four outdoor complex fenestration systems on the solar heat gains of an office space in a semiarid climate

Life cycle energy and large and small housing in New Zealand

Massive timber as effective thermal mass in Australian contemporary housing

Operational energy consumption in Chilean social housing: exploring the impacts of household changes

Reforming housing regulation: delivering performance improvement together with affordability

The effect of building and material service life on the life cycle embodied energy of an apartment building

The next step in energy rating: the international ETTV method vs. BCA Section-J Glazing Calculator

TRNSYS simulation and thermal performance of biomimetic façade designs

Actual performance of naturally ventilated and air-conditioned Green Star certified office buildings in New Zealand

An early-stage design decision-support tool for selecting building assemblies to minimise a building’s life cycle energy demand

Analysis of urban morphological attributes and street level air pollution in high-density residential environments in Hong Kong

Building as a learning tool: a student-centred POE approach to the Swanston Academic Building (SAB)

Building Energy Simulation, CFD and prototype testing to design an effective Under Floor Air Distribution System

Evaluating building design for thermal comfort with single rating parameter- hot-dry region of India

Evaluating the pedagogical effectiveness of learning spaces

Human factors in naturally ventilated sedentary working environments

Measuring sky view factor of urban canyons using hacked Gopro hemispheric video processing

Optimisation of energy consumption and daylighting using building performance surrogate model

Overcoming the “black box” approach of urban metabolism

Quantitative exploration of winter living room temperatures and their determinants in 108 homes in Melbourne, Victoria

Re-measuring density: alternative methods for assessing and progressing Australia’s suburbs

The Australian construction industry’s approach to embodied carbon assessment: a scoping study

The use of Integral Theory to evaluate architectural sustainability – a case study

User satisfaction with academic buildings – findings from post occupancy evaluations

Using life cycle assessment to reduce the energy use and global warming impacts of a detached house in Melbourne, Australia

A critique on on-going retrofit approaches to existing high mass historic building forms with heat sink capacity

A framework for the integrated cost-benefit analysis of the use of recycled aggregate concrete in structural applications

A simulation-based model for evaluating the performance of ready-mixed concrete (RMC) production processes

Collaborative creativity: building envelopes and construction innovation

Erection of post-formed gridshells by means of inflatable membrane technology

Identifying performance parameters in public-private partnerships: gauging the stakeholder perspective

Saving the past: new challenges for earthquake prone buildings in New Zealand

Slender waste: reducing the girth of construction and demolition waste to landfill in Alice Springs

Tackling the challenges of university campus management processes

Built pedagogy and architectural design in the architecture library of the Melbourne School of Design

Colourful language: researching architects’ knowledge and use of colour

Constructing a professional education: a new architecture degree at Unitec 1994

Economic benefit of increased architectural involvement and design quality on the improvement value of prime commercial assets

Educational architecture and architectural education: through Dar al-Fonun to Iranianised modern universities

Exploring methods to increase the efficiency of the integration between design process and environmental systems: an education and design research experience

From model to drawing and back: reversing the design process

Games and Chinese gardens: an equivocal experimental approach to a complex and subtle design genre

Investigating the digital/analogue/cognitive collision through codified CNC mill watercolour painting

Mapping a classification system to architectural education: investigating the relevance of classification systems in creative education

Melbourne School of Design Building Archive: a unique learning resource

Rethinking architecture as a catalyst for sustainability

Wicked deliberations: research and design studios

Bringing schools to life through a co-design learning approach with children

Designing the twenty-first century urban park: design strategies for a warming climate

Landscape (design) futures: setting a context for continuing dialogue?

Looking for new futures for the springs in the Japanese city of Mito

Management of business activities along streets; an often neglected aspect of urban design

Urban growth and pedestrian thermal comfort

Using real-time data for understanding temperature behaviour in outdoor environments

Wayfinding in traditional Chinese private gardens: a spatial analysis of the Yuyuan garden

Coding randomness: accepting unpredictability in modular systems through the use of computation

Parametric design approach to space syntax methodology for designing a master layout

Flipped teaching: finding room for interdisciplinary content and peer learning

How do we sketch with someone 1000 miles away?: distance collaboration for designers

Onsite and online: a 4-dimensional multi-disciplinary learning environment for construction industry professionals

Digitally fabricated housing: tracking the evolution through two decades

From research to practice: exploring 3D printing in production of architectural Mashrabiya

Programming for prefab

Urban prototypes: plywood architecture

Beyond the front elevation: a conceptual framework for re(thinking) facadism

Biomimicry versus machinery: the notion of functionality in design

The model and its operative significance in architecture: objects driving evolution in design research

A model for the cooling effect of air movement

Comfort models as applied to buildings

Comparing climate based daylight modelling with daylight factor assessment – implications for architects

Daylight enhancement and lighting retrofits in educational buildings

Designing with thermal comfort indices in outdoor sites

Improving the impact of luminance contrast on the window appearance in a conventional office room: using supplementary lighting strategies

Introducing the SAMBA indoor environmental quality monitoring system

Investigating energy and indoor environmental performance of aquatic centres

Investigation of the effect of balconies on natural ventilation of dwellings in high-rise residential buildings in subtropical climate

Negotiating technology change: the challenge of designing lighting with LEDs for domestic settings

Simulating the thermal and daylight performances of a folded porous double façade for an office building in Cairo

Thermal perceptions and microclimates of educational urban precincts in two different seasons in Melbourne

Adoption of water conservation measures in buildings: case study in Johannesburg, South Africa





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