Composition of the 45th Parliament: a quick guide

29 Aug 2016

Key points

  • This paper provides a brief overview of the party and gender composition of the 45th Parliament of Australia.
  • A double dissolution election was held on 2 July 2016 whereby all seats in the House of Representatives andSenate were up for election. All seats in both Chambers were declared by the Australian ElectoralCommission prior to the return of the writs on 8 August 2016 and the 45th Parliament of Australia will beopened on 30 August 2016.
  • Following various resignations, retirements and leadership changes this was the first election campaign forthe leaders of the major parliamentary parties (Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, Deputy Prime Minister andThe Nationals leader Barnaby Joyce, and Opposition leader and Australian Labor Party (ALP) leader BillShorten) as well as Australian Greens leader Richard Di Natale.
  • The incumbent Turnbull Coalition Government experienced a national swing against it of 3.13 per cent, andnow has a total of 76 seats in the House of Representatives, down from 90 seats in the previous Parliament.
  • The ALP increased its number of seats in the House of Representatives from 55 to 69; two Independents(Cathy McGowan and Andrew Wilkie), one Katter’s Australian Party (KAP) member (Bob Katter), and oneAustralian Greens member (Adam Bandt) were re-elected; and a new minor party MP, Rebekha Sharkie (NickXenophon Team (NXT)) was elected to the House. •Party representation in the Senate has changed from the 44th Parliament: Coalition parties now have 30Senators (down from 33) and the ALP 26 (up from 25).
  • The Senate crossbench now contains 20 Senators: nine Australian Greens (down from 10) and 11 minor partySenators (up from eight). This is the largest Senate crossbench since the expansion of the Senate in 1950.
  • Pauline Hanson’s One Nation party (PHON) returns to the Parliament (and enters the Senate for the firsttime), securing four Senate seats.
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