The relationship between transport, economic and spatial development is known to occur in two main directions. Firstly, existing land use and economic developments drive demand for transport in terms of quantity, type, location and mode. Secondly, transport investments and other initiatives guide patterns and locations of economic development and residential growth.
International evidence indicates that the relationship between transport accessibility and land values and productivity is complex. While transport investment can lead to productivity gains, it cannot be assumed that this will occur (Williamson, Philbin and Sanderson, 2012).
This Bulletin has been prepared as part of the Committee for Perth and RAC Get a Move On! project. It analyses the relationship between transport, spatial form and economic growth in Sydney, Melbourne and Perth through the consolidation of information from recently published literature. It aims to identify the impacts of accessibility on the spatial structure of employment and the key strengths and weaknesses resulting from transport and urban form in each metropolis.