Human rights and encryption

7 December 2016

This research from UNESCO examines the importance of encryption as a means of protecting freedom of expression, privacy and other human rights in the fields of media and communications. 

It provides detailed case studies of encryption in selected jurisdictions and analyzes interferences.

The researchers also provide recommendations and policy options to Member States, private sector and academia, including the need to address the needs of vulnerable communities in the current Internet governance debate. 

The publication is part of UNESCO's position on “Internet Universality” and the related “ROAM principles” which refer to a (human) Rights-based, Open and Accessible Internet that is governed by Multi-stakeholder participation, as adopted by Member States in November 2015. 


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Suggested Citation

Wolfgang Schulz, Joris van Hoboken, 2016, Human rights and encryption, UNESCO Communication and Information Sector, viewed 24 April 2017, <>.

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