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OECD Economics Department

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OECD Economics Department

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11

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Research report

02 Mar 2017

Australia’s economy has enjoyed considerable success in recent decades, reflecting strong macroeconomic policy, structural reform and the long commodity boom. Living standards and well-being are generally high, though challenges remain in gender gaps and in greenhouse-gas emissions, and further...

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Research report

03 Dec 2015

This report gives a conceptual framework to define which government receipts should be regarded as taxes.

Summary
Data on government sector receipts, and on taxes in particular, are basic inputs to most structural economic descriptions and econonmic analyses and are...

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Research report

23 Feb 2010

Housing markets have played a prominent role in macroeconomic developments over recent years. For a great part of the 2000s, buoyant housing markets have contributed to sustained economic activity in most OECD countries. But many markets overheated and the collapse of the US subprime mortgage...

Research report

25 Nov 2009

The economic recovery spreading across OECD countries is still too timid to halt the continuing rise in unemployment, according to this report.

The jobless rate is expected to peak in the first half of 2010 in the US, but it may not be until 2011 that unemployment begins to...

Research report

21 Sep 2009

This paper focuses on inequalities in learning opportunities for individuals coming from different socioeconomic backgrounds as a measure of (in)equality of opportunity in OECD countries and looks at the role played by policies and institutions in shaping countries’ relative positions....

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Research report

16 Jun 2009

This paper examines the cost of a range of national, regional and global mitigation policies and the corresponding incentives for countries to participate in ambitious international mitigation actions.

The paper illustrates the scope for available instruments to strengthen...

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Research report

11 Oct 2008

The Australian economy, which is in its 17th consecutive year of growth, has benefited from remarkable results. But difficult challenges lie ahead, according to this report. How to balance inflation threats and risks of a strong downturn? How to strengthen labour supply? How to enhance education...

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Research report

24 Sep 2008

This paper aims to shed light on the contribution of health care and other determinants to the health status of the population and to provide evidence on whether or not health care resources are producing similar value for money across OECD countries. First, it discusses the pros and cons of...

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Research report

19 Aug 2008

This paper investigates the design of tax structures to promote economic growth. It suggests a “tax and growth” ranking of taxes, confirming results from earlier literature but providing a more detailed disaggregation of taxes. Corporate taxes are found to be most harmful for growth, followed by...

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Research report

25 Mar 2008

This working paper investigates the policy determinants of hours worked among employed individuals in OECD countries, focusing on the impact of taxation, working-time regulations, and other labour and product market policies. It explores the factors underlying cross-country differences in hours...

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