In focus: crime and justice statistics, July 2012
It is widely acknowledged that a complex relationship exists between crime, feelings of personal safety, and social wellbeing. Experiences of crime and feelings of personal safety can be seen as both indicators and outcomes of social wellbeing, as well as interacting with social wellbeing in a multifaceted and complex manner. Experiencing crime victimisation may be associated with poorer outcomes on some measures of social wellbeing, and more favourable outcomes on other measures. The direction and strength of these associations may also vary according to socio-demographic factors.
Using Australian Bureau of Statistics 2010 General Social Survey data, this article explores the relationship between experiences of crime victimisation and self-reported measures of social capital and social cohesion. There is a particular focus on the way in which these indicators interact with various socio-demographic variables, such as age, sex, household income, and family composition. The scope of this article does not extend to inferring a causal relationships between these variables. While this would be an interesting area for future research, the aim of this article is to explore linkages and relationships between crime victimisation, socio-demographic characteristics and social wellbeing.