The state of global jihad online: a qualitative, quantitative, and cross-lingual analysis
This paper begins to fill that gap. First, it quantifies the use of English-language jihadi forums, which rose in prominence with the emergence of American-born Sheikh Anwar al-Awlaki within the jihadi propaganda enterprise. Second, it measures the use of Twitter by online jihadis. This baseline is limited; it would also have been fruitful to systematically assess the activity in other virtual spaces used by jihadis, such as YouTube, Facebook, and Archive.org, and to do so over a longer period. Nonetheless, this paper assesses:
(1) the most prominent English-language forums;
(2) the English-language sections within prominent Arabic-language jihadi forums;
(3) how the English-language forums compare to the Arabic-language forums; and
(4) the current status of the nascent rise in Twitter activism.