Panama

Journal article

26 Aug 2015

INTRODUCTION: This paper is on Indigenous peoples’ right to self-determination and its exercise through democratic participation. First, I will expound on why the right to self-determination—as configured in international law, translated by many states and adopted by Indigenous communities—enhances liberal democratic governance. Then I will...

Journal article

1 Jan 2010

Human society depends on healthy ecosystems. Payments for ecosystem services (PES) have emerged as an incentive-based tool to protect and restore ecosystem-service flows, which are being degraded at regional and global scales. Through PES, users of ecosystem services pay landowners who supply these services through...

Journal article

1 Jan 2007

Silvopastoral systems that integrate trees on animal production units are reported to be a promising land-use activity. Research on methods of integrating trees into smallholder pasture systems for development of such systems in the tropics has, however, received little attention. In Panama, smallholder pastures are...