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15 Feb 2018

This paper focusses on the processes involved in responding to a costing or budget analysis request.


11 Jan 2018

This book presents and discusses a selection of papers developed from the Greater China Australia Dialogue on Public Administration’s fifth workshop held in late 2015, which focused on budget and financial management reforms, including how different nations account for the relative performance of their public...


20 Dec 2017

The primary purpose of financial statements is to provide relevant and reliable information to users about a reporting entity’s financial position. In the public sector, the users of financial statements include Ministers, the Parliament and the community. ‘The objectives of a financial statements audit in...


18 Dec 2017

The Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook (MYEFO) shows this year's federal deficit has improved by $5.8 billion compared to forecasts in the May budget, but it is still going to hit more than $23 billion.

Policy report

14 Dec 2017

This Budget Policy Statement (BPS) is the Ardern Government’s first action in preparing Budget 2018. It sets the broad fiscal parameters within which details for the budget will be determined and states the government’s priorities for the budget.


9 Dec 2017

At the root of the tens of thousands of stories that lead people to the door of the Salvos every year is the need for a stable home. This simple goal is foundational for family and community life. This submission explores how to make it...


7 Dec 2017

The purpose of these reports is to provide additional detail on the impacts of economic scenarios on the medium-term budget position, including the effects on major revenue and expenditure areas of the budget.

Briefing paper

30 Nov 2017

This PBO information paper provides a conceptual explanation of what a costing is, what a costing is designed to capture and how a costing estimate is generated. It has been prepared to improve understanding of what a costing represents and assist in the interpretation of...

Briefing paper

30 Nov 2017

A key role for the Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO) is to prepare budget quality costings of policies proposed by members of Parliament. This paper explains the PBO’s approach and sets out how and when broader economy wide effects, also referred to as second round effects,...

Discussion paper

27 Nov 2017

This consultation paper provides information on the costing process, the factors that affect the time it takes for the PBO to respond to costing requests and the framework that the PBO applies to prioritise competing demands for costing resources.


19 Oct 2017

This report examines the revenue, expenditure, net capital investment and the net debt position across all levels of Australian government over the forward estimates period. It provides an update to the national fiscal outlook, based on Commonwealth and state government budget updates.


11 Oct 2017

In the 2017–18 Budget, the projected return to surplus in 2020–21 is predominantly due to a projected increase in personal income tax revenue. This report analyses the expected increase in average tax rates for individuals in different parts of the taxable income distribution and examines...

Policy report

11 Oct 2017

We think voters should be given better information about the fiscal consequences of political parties’ election promises. We offer some observations and suggestions on how.

Draft report

9 Oct 2017

The basic premise of HFE - fiscal equity in the Australian federation - has broad support, although it is now under significant strain as Western Australia's share of the GST has fallen to an extreme low.

Technical report

Technical note no. 01/2017
13 Sep 2017

This technical note has been prepared to raise awareness of the factors affecting uncertainty in costings and how the Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO) deals with them.

Fact sheet

State budget 2017-18 fact sheet
8 Sep 2017

Due to a Government review of all Royalties for Regions initiatives, a change has been made to how Royalties for Regions funding will be allocated. It will now be used for a number of essential services for regions as well as the new and strategic...


5 Sep 2017

The Western Australian Government has released the 2017-18 state budget. These papers outline the Government's priorities and appropriations, and the State's economic and fiscal outlook.

Research report

10 Aug 2017

This paper reports on trends in NSW state finances between 2002-03 and 2017-18 (inclusive). For most of the key indicators, the paper also shows trends by Parliament for the current (56th) Parliament and previous three Parliaments.


Report no.02/2017
5 Jul 2017

This report, prepared by the Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO), provides detailed projections of receipts and payments over the period beyond the forward estimates to 2027–28 to explain the drivers of the 2017–18 Budget aggregates.

Discussion paper

The impact of the South Australian bank levy
4 Jul 2017

This report from The Australia Institute’s senior economist, Matt Grudnoff, reviews the economic impact of the South Australian government’s proposed bank levy.