Prison sentences

Discussion paper

10 Nov 2017

On 25 May 2017, the Victorian Government announced that it would introduce legislation in 2018 to establish a Sentencing Guidelines Council in Victoria. In July 2017, the Attorney-General asked the Sentencing Advisory Council to advise him on the most suitable model following broad stakeholder...

Research report

30 Oct 2017

This report presents 24 months of reception, discharge and custody population data and comparisons between the current and previous quarter for age, gender, indigenous status, most serious offence and the average length of stay.

Separate figures are presented for juveniles and adults.



19 Oct 2017

A recent High Court decision surrounding the adequacy of a sentence handed down in an incest case has sparked debate over whether Victoria’s sentencing regime is too lenient.

The state’s Victims of Crime Commissioner, Greg Davies, argued the decision confirmed sentencing in Victoria had...

Audio program

12 Oct 2017

Victoria's Victims of Crime Commissioner and politicians on both sides of Parliament have welcomed a High Court ruling that has effectively found that the Court of Appeal should have increased the sentence given to a man for sexually abusing his stepdaughter from the age of...

Research report

12 Oct 2017

Aim : To compare reoffending rates between those who received an intensive correction order (ICO) and those who received short prison sentence (less than two years).

Method : Offenders’ demographic characteristics, index offence characteristics, prior convictions and penalties, LSI-R score and re-offences...


26 Sep 2017

A person who is suspected of committing a criminal offence can be arrested, prosecuted and punished. In this process, the person may also be made subject to additional conditions while in the community. People on bail or offenders on parole must comply with certain conditions....

Discussion paper

19 Jul 2017

The Terms of Reference for this inquiry ask the ALRC to consider laws and legal frameworks that contribute to the incarceration rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and inform decisions to hold or keep Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody....

Research report

12 Jul 2017

This research paper looks at the differences between Tasmanian indefinite detention provisions, and those of other Australian jurisdictions. The study considers issues associated with making a dangerous criminal declaration, including the test and standard of proof, and whether separate provisions should be introduced specifically for...


6 Jun 2017

The over-imprisonment of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women is a growing national crisis that is being overlooked by all levels of government in Australia, the Human Rights Law Centre and Change the Record say in this new report.

The imprisonment rate of Aboriginal...


26 May 2017

In the twenty-six years since the report of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody was tabled in the Parliament of Australia, the proportion of the prison population that is Indigenous has doubled.

Indigenous Australians are dramatically over-represented in the criminal justice system,...

Discussion paper

17 May 2017

This Issues Paper considers options for reform that may improve the effectiveness of the criminal justice response to drink drivers in Tasmania, by exploring sentencing options that are more likely to influence offenders’ perceptions of risks represented by their behaviour, and bring about lasting attitudinal...

Research report

23 Mar 2017

On 25 November 2015, the Senate referred the matter of inconsistencies and inadequacies of current criminal, civil and administrative penalties for corporate and financial misconduct or white-collar crime to the Economics References Committee for inquiry and report.

The terms of reference were as follows:...

Research report

3 Nov 2016

This report on Victoria’s prison population investigates statistical trends in adults held in Victorian corrective services custody between 2005 and 2016. As with the Council’s previous reports on this topic (released in 2007 and 2013), this report highlights a prison population growing at unprecedented rates,...

Briefing paper

17 Oct 2016

This introduction presents some of the key themes and factors associated with rates of over-representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the criminal justice system. It provides a summary of literature that evaluates policy proposals to reduce these rates, discussing how dominant societal...

Research report

29 Sep 2016

Of 81,199 adult offenders, 26% reoffended within two years of the index appearance.

Aim To re-examine the Group Risk Assessment Model (GRAM) for predicting reoffending in adults given non-custodial sentences and to assess the accuracy of the model.

Method Adult offenders...



31 Jul 2016

Healthy, engaged people and communities will be crucial in a prosperous future for New South Wales. That’s not a new idea - it’s another way of saying everyone should have a fair go or we all suffer. But what practical steps can we take to...



29 Jul 2016

The harrowing image of a child, partially clad, hooded and shackled to a chair in a prison cell, has provoked public outrage and the prime minister’s resolve that a royal commission “get to the bottom of it.”

This swift commitment to a royal commission...



27 Jul 2016

Cape York Institute senior policy adviser, Shireen Morris, told the ABC’s ‘Q&A’ program recently that the incarceration rate of Indigenous people has doubled since the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody twenty-five years ago.

That statement is true, but gaps in the data...

Research report

21 Jul 2016

The data in this report are extracted from the Corrective Services NSW (CSNSW) Offender Integrated Management System (OIMS) and the Juvenile Justice NSW (JJNSW) Client Information Management System (CIMS).

The adult custody population figures include only those persons held in gazetted correctional centres managed...

Research report

20 Jul 2016

This report updates select data from the Sentencing Advisory Council’s 2012 report Sentencing Children and Young People in Victoria.

Specifically, it focuses on offenders aged under 18 at the time of offending (and under 19 at the time of commencement of proceedings) who were...