Journal article

21 Jun 2018

This article reports upon in-depth interviews conducted with five senior criminal justice policy-makers, each of whom was broadly sympathetic to reforming criminal justice policy to achieve the goal of lower incarceration levels.


14 Jun 2018

This paper draws conclusions from the available evidence, much of it international. This report is not an attack on single mothers. Strong parental attachment generally mitigates the many disadvantages their children face.

Research report

21 Feb 2018

This aggregate-level analysis finds no evidence that the Bail Assessment Officer intervention had an impact on the granting of bail at first appearance, bail refused days or time on remand.

Research report

19 Jul 2017

This study helps to explain the upward trend in Indigenous imprisonment in NSW between January 2012 and September 2016.

Discussion paper

19 Jul 2017

The ALRC has been asked to consider laws and legal frameworks that contribute to the incarceration rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and inform decisions to hold or keep Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody.

Audio program

13 Jun 2017

While women still only make up a small percentage of the overall prison population, their rate of imprisonment is rocketing.

Research report

10 Apr 2017

The Waitangi Tribunal has found the Crown in breach of its Treaty obligations by failing to prioritise the reduction of the high rate of Māori reoffending relative to non-Māori. The Tribunal says the undisputed disparity between Māori and non-Māori reoffending rates is longstanding and substantial....

Briefing paper

17 Oct 2016

This introduction presents some of the key themes and factors associated with rates of over-representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the criminal justice system. It provides a summary of literature that evaluates policy proposals to reduce these rates, discussing how dominant societal...

Research report

28 Sep 2016

Examines the rise in the NSW Indigenous prison population.

Method: Descriptive analysis of trends in bail, sentencing and court appearances.

Results: The rise in Indigenous imprisonment in NSW is due to a combination of higher rates of arrest resulting in conviction,...

Research report

21 Jul 2016

The data in this report are extracted from the Corrective Services NSW (CSNSW) Offender Integrated Management System (OIMS) and the Juvenile Justice NSW (JJNSW) Client Information Management System (CIMS).

The adult custody population figures include only those persons held in gazetted correctional centres managed...

Blog post

27 May 2016

“What I Know Now” is a series of short programs that has been produced by Seeds of Affinity Pathways for Women, an Adelaide-based support group for women of lived prison experience, with support from the University of South Australia journalism lecturer, Dr Heather Anderson, and...

Blog post

15 Apr 2016

Despite great changes in Indigenous policy in the last twenty-five years, the number of Indigenous deaths in custody has not declined. Between 1987 and 1991, while the Royal Commission was underway, there were 23 Indigenous deaths in prison custody and 28 in police custody. From...

Journal article

5 Feb 2016

In their article, Elise Klein, Michael Jones and Eddie Cubillo consider Don Weatherburn’s claim that Aboriginal Torres Strait Islander Legal Services (ATSILS) have a limited role in reducing Indigenous incarceration. They argue that Weatherburn understates the role of ATSILS. They make their argument in three...

Research report

25 Nov 2015

Among the divides between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and non-Indigenous people in Australia, the health and life expectancy gap and the stark difference in the rates of imprisonment are among the most well-known.

It is estimated that, on average, an Indigenous male...

Audio interview

21 Jul 2015

The postcode you grew up in can say a lot about you.

Perhaps it might explain your accent or the school you went to.

But a national report released today by Jesuit Social Services and Catholic Social Services Australia, has found that your...

Briefing paper

1 Jun 2015

Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse Research Brief 19 provides new insights into Indigenous women’s offending by examining previously unpublished police and court data for the period 2010-2012. While there are differences across the selected Australian jurisdictions, the authors find that the offences that most often appeared in...

Briefing paper

18 May 2015

Prison population forecasting is fraught with difficulty. Many factors affect the size of the prison population, including levels of crime, the number of arrests, the proportion of arrestees convicted, the proportion refused bail, the proportion given a prison sentence, the average length of prison sentences,...


18 May 2015

This report presents 24 months of reception, discharge and custody population data and comparisons between the current and previous quarter for age, gender, indigenous status, most serious offence and the average length of stay. Separate figures are presented for juveniles and adults. The counting unit...

Research report

5 Feb 2015


Alarming over-representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australian prisons, combined with high recidivism rates and poor health and social outcomes among those released from prison, has led many to claim that incarceration is a social policy failure. An important...

Other text

31 May 2014

Since the conclusion of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (RCIADIC) in 1991 there has been a significant rise in the prison population of Indigenous peoples in Australia. There has been an even sharper rise in the number of Indigenous peoples in custody....



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