Foster children

Research report

29 Nov 2017

Government and community agree there is a problem. The Stolen Generations policies and practices, in combination with persistent social inequity, have created an ongoing legacy of disproportionate child protection interventions with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, families and communities across Australia, and significant...

Research report

11 Nov 2017

The national significance of the NSW child protection and adoption reforms cannot be overstated. The changes to child protection services in NSW not only constitute a blueprint for genuine systemic change across the full service spectrum, designed to address the unsustainable trajectory of OOHC services....

Research report

8 Nov 2017

Child protection systems are multidimensional, complex, continually adapting entities that seek to prevent and respond to protection-related risks. Systems for child protection in Australia today are facing significant challenges. This has created the imperative to go beyond incremental adjustments and aim for transformational change....


3 Nov 2017

There is a current focus in Australia on improving levels of family preservation and reducing the number of children entering out-of-home care (OOHC). However, national-level data regarding admissions to OOHC have been limited. This bulletin presents previously unpublished national trends in the number and rate...


25 Oct 2017

This report suggests that children in out-of-home care in New South Wales suffer from forms of institutional educational neglect that very often disadvantage children in care around the world. The narrow focus of child welfare agencies on preventing child maltreatment and providing stable out-of-home...


7 Sep 2017

This review was undertaken because of the tragic death of Tiahleigh Palmer, a child in foster care, and the subsequent arrest of her foster carers and their adult children.

In the same week police arrested Tiahleigh’s foster carer, they also arrested a Far North...

Briefing paper

10 Aug 2017

Intergenerational patterns of child abuse and neglect are complex. Although most children who experience maltreatment do not go on to abuse or neglect their own children, studies have consistently found they are more likely to have children who are abused or neglected than children who...


7 Aug 2017

This report presents an overview of the results of two state-wide surveys conducted by NSW Family and Community Services (FACS) in 2015 looking at the experiences of children and young people in out-of-home care (OOHC) – the [NSW] National OOHC Survey and the NSW Residential...

Briefing paper

7 Aug 2017

This snapshot presents a summary of the results of two state-wide surveys conducted by the NSW Department of Family and Community Services (FACS) in 2015 – the [NSW] National Out-of-Home Care Survey and the NSW Residential Care Survey. The surveys asked children and young people...

Research report

16 Mar 2017

During 2015–16, 162,175 (30.2 per 1,000) Australian children received child protection services (investigation, care and protection order and/or were in out-of-home care).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were seven times as likely as non-Indigenous children to have received child protection services.


Research report

31 Jan 2017

Every child is born into the world rich with great potential and hope. Each individual infant starts life as a precious and unique human being, with vast unrealised potential. They each deserve the opportunity to reach adulthood possessing the skills and abilities required to live...

Briefing paper

22 Dec 2016

Good quality contact between children and young people in OOHC and their birth families can promote positive outcomes. This Evidence to Action Note outlines key findings related to birth family contact for children and young people in the Pathways of Care Longitudinal Study (POCLS). Links...

Literature review

1 Dec 2016

This report aims to review the literature available on what works to help people to make the complicated choice to become a home-based carer, and on the evidence regarding retention of these carers for children in out-of-home care.

Databases and sources of grey literature...


14 Nov 2016

Practitioners supporting children in out-of-home care are often faced with making difficult decisions about children’s needs. These decisions include where the child will live and how often a child has contact with their family of origin. Children’s attachment needs are one of the factors that...

Research report

9 Nov 2016

On 9 November 2016, the Family Matters campaign released its inaugural report. This report revealed shocking results on the state of child protection in Australia for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children including:

Numbers of Indigenous children in the child protection system is set...

Research report

30 Oct 2016

Out-of-home care refers to the care of children and young people up to 18 years who are unable to live with their families (often due to child abuse and neglect). It involves the placement of a child or young person with alternate caregivers on a...


25 Oct 2016

This report has been published by the Commission for Children and Young People (CCYP) Victoria. It documents the findings of Taskforce 1000, which was an eighteen month project that critically reviewed the case plans and circumstances of 980 Aboriginal children in out-of-home care in Victoria....

Discussion paper

20 Oct 2016

The Commission has commenced an inquiry into the implementation of amendments arising from the Children, Youth and Families Amendment (Permanent Care and Other Matters) Act 2014. The inquiry commenced on 1 September 2016 and is expected to be finalised in March 2017.

The legislative...

Research report

10 Oct 2016

Australian policy settings began to acknowledge the lessons of our history through greater recognition of the importance of children’s connection to community and culture in the 1980s. At this time, the efforts of Aboriginal community-controlled organisations and advocates led to the establishment of the Aboriginal...

Audio interview

Audio program

18 Aug 2016

Victoria's Commissioner for Children and Young People is preparing to review a contentious new child protection law. Most Victorian parents who've had their children removed now have a strict time limit of 12 months to prove they're capable of resuming the care of their children....