Foster children

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Research report

9 Mar 2018

This report is the twenty-first comprehensive annual report on child protection. It includes detailed statistical information on state and territory child protection and support services, and selected characteristics of children receiving these services.


9 Mar 2018

A new report from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare reveals grim details about the prevalence of child abuse in Australia. But crucial national data on abuse in out-of-home care remains elusive.

Research report

29 Nov 2017

Already ten times more likely to be living in out-of-home care than non-Indigenous kids, this report argues that the number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in care is predicted to triple over the next twenty years unless urgent action is taken.

Research report

11 Nov 2017

Attempting to keep and reunite children with even highly dysfunctional parents at almost all costs has swung the pendulum of child protection systems too far in favour of defending parental rights at the expense of protecting children’s rights and best interests.

Research report

8 Nov 2017

This paper outlines the latest iteration of changes within Australian child protection systems, drawing on a survey completed by child protection departments across Australia on change and reform planned or underway since July 2010.


3 Nov 2017

This bulletin presents previously unpublished national trends in the number and rate of children admitted to out-of-home care (OOHC) by age and Indigenous status, from 2011–12 to 2015–16.


25 Oct 2017

This report from ACWA gives a snapshot of the level of engagement in education of children and young people in out-of-home care in New South Wales.


7 Sep 2017

This review of Queensland’s foster care system identified some opportunities to build stakeholder and public confidence, strengthen carer assessment, approval and renewal processes, and strengthen safeguards for children in care.

Briefing paper

10 Aug 2017

This brief presents a summary of findings from an analysis of the intergenerational links present in the NSW child protection system using currently available historical data from the NSW Department of Family and Community Services (FACS) client information systems.


7 Aug 2017

This report presents a summary of the NSW survey results providing a comparison between the NSW and national results, and between the OOHC and residential care surveys in NSW.

Briefing paper

7 Aug 2017

This snapshot presents a summary of the results of two state-wide surveys conducted by the NSW Department of Family and Community Services (FACS) in 2015 – the [NSW] National Out-of-Home Care Survey and the NSW Residential Care Survey.

Research report

16 Mar 2017

During 2015–16, 162,175 (30.2 per 1,000) Australian children received child protection services (investigation, care and protection order and/or were in out-of-home care).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were seven times as likely as non-Indigenous children to have received child protection services.


Research report

31 Jan 2017

Every child is born into the world rich with great potential and hope. Each individual infant starts life as a precious and unique human being, with vast unrealised potential. They each deserve the opportunity to reach adulthood possessing the skills and abilities required to live...

Briefing paper

22 Dec 2016

Good quality contact between children and young people in OOHC and their birth families can promote positive outcomes. This Evidence to Action Note outlines key findings related to birth family contact for children and young people in the Pathways of Care Longitudinal Study (POCLS). Links...

Literature review

1 Dec 2016

This report aims to review the literature available on what works to help people to make the complicated choice to become a home-based carer, and on the evidence regarding retention of these carers for children in out-of-home care.

Databases and sources of grey literature...


14 Nov 2016

Practitioners supporting children in out-of-home care are often faced with making difficult decisions about children’s needs. These decisions include where the child will live and how often a child has contact with their family of origin. Children’s attachment needs are one of the factors that...

Research report

9 Nov 2016

On 9 November 2016, the Family Matters campaign released its inaugural report. This report revealed shocking results on the state of child protection in Australia for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children including:

Numbers of Indigenous children in the child protection system is set...

Research report

30 Oct 2016

Out-of-home care refers to the care of children and young people up to 18 years who are unable to live with their families (often due to child abuse and neglect). It involves the placement of a child or young person with alternate caregivers on a...


25 Oct 2016

This report has been published by the Commission for Children and Young People (CCYP) Victoria. It documents the findings of Taskforce 1000, which was an eighteen month project that critically reviewed the case plans and circumstances of 980 Aboriginal children in out-of-home care in Victoria....

Discussion paper

20 Oct 2016

The Commission has commenced an inquiry into the implementation of amendments arising from the Children, Youth and Families Amendment (Permanent Care and Other Matters) Act 2014. The inquiry commenced on 1 September 2016 and is expected to be finalised in March 2017.

The legislative...