Middle East

Journal article

19 Jun 2017

This case study shows how the 2015 Anzac Day terror plot resulted from virtual planning, which is an operational method the Islamic State has used widely since 2014. The article traces how the Melbourne-based perpetrator received online instructions on four components of the intended attack:...

Report

22 May 2017

The story of the Middle East for decades to come is of a battle for the hegemony of Sunni Islam, especially in the Arab world, and of the efforts by non-Sunni Muslims and non-Muslims to ensure that no dominant Sunni power capable of uniting the Sunni Arab world, and ultimately the Sunni world...

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Discussion paper

08 May 2017

Overview

With combat operations underway in west Mosul, Iraqi security forces will later this year regain control of the city. But what comes next will be crucial, affecting the utility of the costly international intervention against ISIS, the chances of stability in...

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Research report

17 Feb 2017

This report is based on a systematic review of open source information about the finances of Islamic State in its core territory in Syria and Iraq.

Key findings

  • Estimates vary widely. It remains impossible to say exactly how much money Islamic State has at its
  • ...
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Research report

11 Jan 2017

Despite the fact that it involves billions of dollars worth of weaponry, the U.S./UAE arms transfer relationship receives relatively little attention among the public, in the media, or in Congress. In part this is because the UAE connection is overshadowed by the U.S. role as the primary arms...

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Research report

20 Dec 2016

As the battle for Mosul unfolds in Iraq, Australian policymakers must carefully consider Australia’s long-term objectives in the Middle East. One critical question needs to be answered because it’s central to the process of making strategy. What is the Australian policy objective: to what end...

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Research report

13 Sep 2016

In this Lowy Institute Analysis, Research Fellow Dr Rodger Shanahan and Nonresident Fellow Lydia Khalil argue that an increasing number of foreign fighters are likely to leave Syria and Iraq in the coming months and years, especially after the collapse of Islamic State’s caliphate, exacerbating...

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Audio interview

Audio program

08 Jul 2016

Former Prime Minister, John Howard, oversaw Australia's entry into the Iraq war in 2003, as part of US President George W. Bush's 'coalition of the willing.' In the wake of the Chilcot report, which is critical of the UK's role in the Iraq invasion, he stands by his decision to enter the war,...

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Research report

15 Apr 2016

Examines the effect of the current turmoil in the Middle East on Indonesian students studying in Egypt and Turkey.

Summary
In this Lowy Institute Report, Lowy Institute Deputy Director, Anthony Bubalo, together with Sidney Jones and Navhat Nuraniyah from the...

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Research report

14 Mar 2016

The Islamic State (IS), al-Qaeda-linked groups, Boko Haram and other extremist movements are protagonists in today’s deadliest crises, complicating efforts to end them. They have exploited wars, state collapse and geopolitical upheaval in the Middle East, gained new footholds in Africa and pose...

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Technical report

25 Nov 2015

The aim of this analysis is purely to calculate an investment cost of providing several regions of the developing world with 100% renewable electricity, and to compare those amounts with the gross concentrated wealth of the world’s richest individuals, in order to highlight the need for economic...

Research report

16 Nov 2015

Immediately following the recent extremist attacks in Paris, this report provides an analysis of the kinds of people attracted to ISIS and other jihad movements from the West.

On Friday, November 13, 2015, France had its 9/11. At least 129 people were killed at multiple locations...

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Research report

30 Oct 2015

In this Lowy Institute Analysis, Research Fellow Associate Professor Rodger Shanahan examines how Arab Gulf States, led by Saudi Arabia, are responding to the Obama administration’s less interventionist approach to the Middle East by adopting a more assertive regional policy aimed at containing...

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Working paper

30 Oct 2015

Pakistan is a country much in focus today. This is not just because of the myriad challenges it confronts. It is also because of its immense potential. A nuclear armed nation, with an overwhelming Muslim majority population, it is often in the news, but, alas, almost always for the wrong reasons...

Journal article

19 Oct 2015

Abstract

Social media and strategic communication sit at the heart of the war of ideas between the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the West. The West is critically vulnerable to ISIL’s use of social media, shrewdly exploited in the recruitment of potential...

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Discussion paper

15 Oct 2015

In recent years, Pakistan has seen a major shift in its foreign and defence policy orientation taking political pundits by surprise. This shift is an outcome of the domestic changes occurring in Pakistan as well as a rapidly changing global world order. At the core of this shift, however, lie...

Discussion paper

13 Oct 2015

As a middle income, developing country, and despite being overwhelmed by internal conflicts, political instability and a lack of governance, Pakistan has remained an active international actor in global politics. For its critics however, it is this prominent international role – especially...

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Research report

06 Oct 2015

Foreword

The menace presented by Islamic State’s (IS) self-proclaimed ‘caliphate’ is uniquely challenging on a number of levels. Tactically, its military operations demand lateral thinking, since the group exists as a nebulous, swarming network constantly seeking to...

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Research report

15 Sep 2015

Tehran has reportedly sent around one thousand élite Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corp (IRGC) troops to back up its proxy Hezbollah forces that are fighting Islamic State terrorists in Syria. These troops will work with the Hezbollah fighters to take the town of Zabadani from IS, a goal they have...

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Audio program

12 Sep 2015

Introduction

Well, Syria was in the news a lot this week, both with regard to the 4 million displaced Syrian refugees that have created a rolling migration crisis in Europe and the ongoing conflict in Syria, which is driving the vast majority of that asylum seeker...

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