Closing the gap

Working paper

15 Feb 2018

The Closing the Gap targets feature heavily in the current policy measurement framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians at both the national and state/territory levels. The aim of this paper is to provide helpful information to consider when assessing alternative frameworks for measuring...


12 Feb 2018

In this 10th Closing the Gap report, the Australian government commits to staying the course with Aboriginal Australians, and working to help deliver a prosperous future. The latest data indicates that three of the seven Closing the Gap targets are on track to be met....


8 Feb 2018

Ten-years after its commencement, it is time to critically reflect on why Australian governments have not yet succeeded in closing the health gap to date, and why they will not succeed by 2030 if the current course continues.

Case study

1 Nov 2017

Cross-cultural collaborations, or partnerships between Aboriginal and mainstream services, are regarded as particularly crucial in facilitating community engagement and breaking down barriers to service delivery.

Audio interview

14 Feb 2017

Later today, the Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull will deliver the ninth Closing the Gap address to Parliament in which he'll argue his government is turning the tide on Indigenous disadvantage.

He'll draw on the latest Closing the Gap report which is expected to show...

Research report

14 Feb 2017

This ninth Closing the Gap report showcases real successes being achieved at a local level across the country—by individuals, communities, organisations and government.

However, at a national level, progress needs to accelerate. Over the long term there are improvements across a number of the...

Journal article

15 Jul 2016

The full potential for research to improve Aboriginal health has not yet been realised. This paper describes an established long-term action partnership between Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs), the Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council of New South Wales (AH&MRC), researchers and the Sax...

Briefing paper

16 May 2016

This report from the Queensland Government discusses how an action plan to respond to vulnerable Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and families will be developed.

Key priorities in Supporting Families Changing Futures include responding differently to the over-representation of vulnerable Aboriginal and Torres...

Discussion paper

31 Mar 2016

This discussion paper addresses what effective engagement means and how it works in policy development and implementation.

This is the second discussion paper for the Lowitja Institute on government engagement with First Peoples in Australia provides a review and policy analysis of national, State...

Research report

10 Feb 2016

This 2016 Closing the Gap report shows, as in previous years, that there have been mixed levels of success in meeting the targets set by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in 2008. It underscores the need for all Australian governments to intensify their efforts...

Research report

11 Feb 2015

This report shows that although there has been some improvement in education and health outcomes for Indigenous Australians, most Closing the Gap targets are not on track to be met.


This is the seventh Closing the Gap Report produced since targets...

Research report

8 Dec 2014

This report argues that mainstreaming revolution in Indigenous policy should be extended to Indigenous child protection policy, and that Aboriginal exceptionalism—typified by the operation of Aboriginal Child Placement Principle (ACPP)—must cease. To help ‘Close the Gap’ in social outcomes between Indigenous and other Australians, Indigenous...

Research report

23 Oct 2014

This compilation provides an overview of the issues and challenges identified by academics as needing to be addressed when thinking about the recommendations of the Forrest Review and the impact they could have on people's lives if implemented.​


This CAEPR Topical Issue...

Research report

21 Oct 2014

Using the latest available data and research, this paper provides estimates of the likely economic and social benefits of increasing Indigenous employment to the same level as in the non-Indigenous population.


Relatively low rates of employment are one of the reasons...

Research report

31 Jul 2014

This report provides extensive information on: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations; the context of Indigenous health; various measures of population health status; selected health conditions; and health risk and protective factors.


The main purpose of the Overview is to provide...

Research report

26 Jun 2014

The pattern of coronary heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Indigenous Australians differs to that in non-Indigenous Australians. This paper shows that Indigenous Australians have higher hospitalisation and death rates for these conditions than non-Indigenous Australians, and are more likely to die from...

Research report

22 May 2014

This report focuses on whether COAG’s six Closing the Gap targets have improved over five years. We found gains in primary education, Year 12 attainment and post school qualifications—but employment is not improving. In the health findings, we found that faster progress is needed to...


20 May 2014

Provides links to key resources for Indigenous affairs in Australia, including information on 'Closing the Gap' agreements, funding, geography, and government agencies.


This Quick Guide provides links to:

the Council of Australian Government (COAG) key agreements under ‘Closing the Gap’...

Research report

2 Apr 2014

The report provides updates on progress against the areas of strategic priority and targets and measures to close the gaps between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Victorians, as set out in the Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Framework 2013 - 2018.

As well as providing an important update...


17 Mar 2014

This paper proposes a new method for organisations to measure their social impact.


Indigenous Business Australia (IBA) with SVA Consulting have developed an affordable, transparent and objective system that measures social impact and is helping management make appropriate and timely decisions...