PLOS One

Journal article

16 Oct 2018

This article is the joint effort of a number of high-profile academics in gambling studies. It elaborates on a public health approach to gambling that accommodates an understanding of the political and economic context of a commercial, tax-paying gambling industry.

Journal article

3 Apr 2018

Competitive pressure to maximize the current bibliometric measures of productivity is jeopardizing the integrity of the scientific literature. Efforts are underway to address the ‘reproducibility crisis’ by encouraging the use of more rigorous, confirmatory methods. However, as long as productivity continues to be defined by...

Journal article

16 Mar 2018

Based on interviews with staff members from thirteen large research universities in the United States, this paper provides a rich, qualitative description of research data curation and use practices in Institutional Repositories (IRs).

Journal article

14 Feb 2018

This study confirms 90-99% of Australia’s shellfish reefs have disappeared, making them our most endangered ocean ecosystem.

Journal article

11 Oct 2017

This study aimed to estimate the potential health gains and savings in health care costs of an Australian city achieving its stated travel targets for the use of active transport.

Journal article

21 Jun 2017

This article outlines a comprehensive study of computer scientists using Twitter and their tweeting behavior concerning the sharing of web links.

Journal article

23 Jan 2017

Risk exposures and predictions of child development outcomes typically estimate the independent effects of individual exposures. As a rule though, children are not exposed piecemeal to individual or single risks but, rather, they are exposed to clusters of risk. Many of these clusters of risks...

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

The emergence in the United States of large-scale “megaregions” centered on major metropolitan areas is a phenomenon often taken for granted in both scholarly studies and popular accounts of contemporary economic geography. This paper uses a data set of more than 4,000,000 commuter flows as...

Journal article

14 Oct 2016

This research demonstrates growth in GDP ultimately cannot be decoupled from growth in material and energy use. It argues for discarding GDP growth as the goal in favor of more comprehensive measures of societal wellbeing.

Journal article

28 Sep 2016

We have investigated how birds avoid mid-air collisions during head-on encounters. Trajectories of birds flying towards each other in a tunnel were recorded using high speed video cameras. Analysis and modelling of the data suggest two simple strategies for collision avoidance: (a) each bird veers...

Journal article

13 Apr 2016

This paper aims to estimate the consequences of an additional 20% tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on health and health care expenditure. Participants were adult (aged > = 20) Australians alive in 2010, who were modelled over their remaining lifetime. We used lifetable-based epidemiological modelling...

Journal article

3 Mar 2016

Knowledge and understanding about how the Earth functions and supports life create the foundation for ecological literacy. Industrialisation, urbanisation and population growth have resulted in changed relationships between many human communities and the natural world. A potential consequence is a compromised capability to make well-informed...

Journal article

20 Jan 2016

The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) believes that there is an ethical obligation to responsibly share data generated by interventional clinical trials because participants have put themselves at risk. In a growing consensus, many funders around the world—foundations, government agencies, and industry—now mandate...

Journal article

15 Jan 2016

Clinical evidence has shown that physical exercise during pregnancy may alter brain development and improve cognitive function of offspring. However, the mechanisms through which maternal exercise might promote such effects are not well understood. The present study examined levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and...

Journal article

4 Nov 2015

Abstract

Long-term food demand scenarios are an important tool for studying global food security and for analysing the environmental impacts of agriculture. We provide a simple and transparent method to create scenarios for future plant-based and animal-based calorie demand, using time-dependent regression models...

Journal article

8 Oct 2015

Purpose

To examine whether National Institutes of Health (NIH) funded articles that were archived in PubMed Central (PMC) after the release of the 2008 NIH Public Access Policy show greater scholarly impact than comparable articles not archived in PMC.

Methods...

Journal article

18 Aug 2015

Consumption of capsaicin (found in chilli) may be able to prevent overeating through an action on nerves in the stomach, according to this report.

Abstract

Within the gastrointestinal tract vagal afferents play a role in control of food intake and satiety signalling....

Journal article

11 Aug 2015

Exposure to alcohol advertising is associated with initiation of drinking in children who have not previously been drinkers, and greater consumption in pre-existing drinkers, according to this study.

Introduction Exposure to alcohol advertising is associated with initiation of drinking in children who have...

Journal article

1 Apr 2015

Abstract

Background: Given the aging demographics of most developed countries, understanding the public health impact of mild/moderate road traffic crash injuries in older adults is important. We aimed to determine whether health outcomes (pain severity and quality of life measures) over 24 months...