June 2009

Report

29 Jun 2009

The economic and demographic transition of countries from poverty to prosperity has been a driving force of history over the past two centuries, and is set to remain so for the remainder of the century.

In the decades ahead, development and demographics will drive...

Video

This series of videos highlights 16 diverse stories from young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Women from across Australia to create greater awareness among Australian government decision makers of the life experiences of young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women.

This series is part...

Report

29 Jun 2009

The purpose of this paper is to inform the Australian Government position at the 53rd Commission on the Status of Women.

WomenSpeak and Security 4 Women have worked collaboratively to prepare a response for the CSW. WomenSpeak and Security4Women co-hosted a preparatory round...

Report

29 Jun 2009

This report provides details of the experiences of over 2000 recipients of 24 emergency relief providers in 2007- 2008.

This report was written by VCOSS, Emergency Relief Victoria, RMIT University and Good Shepherd Youth and Family Service

Report

29 Jun 2009

It is not underfunding or an overwhelming workload that has caused child protection services to fail the vulnerable children they exist to protect, it is the failure to investigate reports and remove children in danger, argues this report.

Article

29 Jun 2009

The government should reconsider the introduction of a 10-year jail sentence, on top of already significant financial penalties for cartels, as they are not as economically damaging as is being claimed, argues this paper.

Report

29 Jun 2009

Young children learn best when taught through their mother tongue. This commonsense principle has been supported by decades of research on bilingual education for children who don't speak the dominant language.

The research has also shown that there are positive effects on children’s cognitive...

Commentary

Article

25 Jun 2009

Over the past week Canberra has fiddled while the world burns, writes Geoffrey Barker on our partner website, INSIDE STORY.

Commentary

Article

29 Jun 2009

For people on Kiribati and Tuvalu, the description "refugee" has too many negative connotations, write Jane McAdam and Maryanne Loughry on our partner website, INSIDE STORY

Article

29 Jun 2009

ACROSS MODERN DEMOCRACIES, there have been increasing public complaints that executive government is too powerful and too dominant. The concern is not new, but it has become more urgent as executive government increasingly controls and manipulates not only parliament but also the other institutions of...

Discussion paper

30 Jun 2009

This paper considers the best legal arragements to ensure a balance between the need to protect some Commonwealth information and the need to maintain an open and accountable government through providing appropriate access to information.

The ALRC has identified and...

Report

30 Jun 2009

This book presents a portrait of the role of Commonwealth departmental secretaries and their work from the point of view of a former senior public servant.

Although Andrew Podger was a participant at key moments in recent policy history, this is not merely...

Journal article

29 Jun 2009

A key feature of superannuation plan design is the assumption that members have long and continuous periods of employment over which contributions are made. This heroic design feature has led to debate on the adequacy of superannuation plans for those with interrupted employment, particularly the...

Report

29 Jun 2009

Conservative critics of Keynesian fiscal stimulus policies usually criticise such policies because of the increase in public debt that results. Hence a burden on future taxpayers would be imposed. But there are qualifications.

Firstly, if there is an initial output gap that cannot be...

Report

29 Jun 2009

This paper investigates the effects of competition on hospital quality.

It proposes to extend the Elzinga-Hogarty quantity flow approach of defining markets by first determining the trading cluster to which each hospital belongs and then delineating markets using patient flow information.

After defining...

Report

29 Jun 2009

This paper focuses on the correlation of labour market outcomes of parents and children and investigates whether education is an important factor in this correlation

, allowing for its potential endogeneity.

Based on the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) data,...

Report

29 Jun 2009

This publication summarises what is known about student transfer between the vocational education and training (VET) and higher education sectors.

Transfer occurs when a student who has enrolled in one sector subsequently commences a qualification in the other. Some students have completed their first...

Report

29 Jun 2009

This publication is a preliminary release of data on the number of students, subject enrolments, hours of delivery and full-year training equivalents relating to Australia's public vocational education and training (VET) system for 2008.

As the figures are preliminary, they may be subject to...

Report

29 Jun 2009

This report highlights that there is no simple fix to increasing employer investment in training which has generally not been a core component of long-term business planning.

Analysing data from the 2005 NCVER Survey of Employer Use and Views of the VET System, this...

Report

29 Jun 2009

This project provides important information for the formulation and design of policies that aim to improve housing affordability in Australia.

The project investigates the dynamics of housing affordability in Australia over the period 2001–06 by tracking the housing affordability trajectories of a nationally representative...

Report

29 Jun 2009

This project has examined the effects of increases in housing wealth brought about by increases in house prices on general consumption spending in Australia.

The study, the first of its kind in Australia, complements a growing body of international research in this field. The...

Commentary

Article

28 Jun 2009

*Note full resource has been lost.

Michael Keane writes that the West Kowloon Cultural District is drawing a deal of attention as Hong Kong seeks to engage with the creative industries. But not everyone is happy.

In September 2003, Hong Kong began its...

Report

26 Jun 2009

This report discusses the benefits and costs of maximising access to and use of Government information for commercial and non-commercial purposes and calls for improved access to Victorian Government information.

The Committee's key recommendation is that the Victorian Government establish an Information Management Framework...

Report

26 Jun 2009

The demand for public dental services exceeds the capacity of available resources. Services are therefore rationed by categorising them into those seeking emergency or general dental care and then, most commonly, by chronological queuing.

No evidence-based criteria or protocols exist in Australia to assess...

Report

25 Jun 2009

Arts councils and ministries of culture have a key role in working to minimise the negative impacts of the downturn on the arts and in helping artists and arts organisations navigate such uncertain times.

They also have a key role in advising...

Essay

25 Jun 2009

Perhaps I am optimistic by nature, but when Google first announced that it was planning to digitise the world’s books and create the greatest library ever, I was enthusiastic.

I thought it was an example of digital technology doing for our generation—and those that...

Report

25 Jun 2009

In the business world, no aspect of company operations will emerge unscathed from the toughest economic crisis in three generations. But IT, and the hard-won influence that CIOs and other leaders have gained for it, appears to be surviving the crisis with confidence largely intact...

Report

24 Jun 2009

This paper was developed as background for the meeting of the Australian Council of Local Government in June 2009. It looks at the economic downturn and its implications for local government and regional economies with particular reference to the Australian Government response.

Report

24 Jun 2009

Unlike much of the work in the field that concentrates on organization career development and knowledge management, this paper takes an industry sector perspective.

The creative industries are recognised as playing a crucial role for our post-industrial economic well being. Dance plays a central...

Report

25 Jun 2009

This report uses a unique methodology that blends link analysis, term frequency analysis, and human coding of individual blogs to investigate the online discussions taking place across the Middle East and North Africa.

Internet & Democracy project director Bruce Etling and his team, with...

Audio

25 Jun 2009

The future of e-books and e-publishing. Two experts help us embrace a new way of reading and a new way of viewing books in the digital age.

Guests

David Taylor President, Lightning Source, a print-on-demand company based in the UK and the...

Video

Video games are usually viewed as a form of escapism: pure entertainment and shoot-em-up fantasy. But increasingly, games are being recognised as educational tools, or as deliverers of social or political messages.

This evolving medium is taking on complex environments and issues, and...

Report

25 Jun 2009

This study confirms that while most Australians are satisfied with their communications services, they are also becoming more likely to switch providers or make complaints if dissatisfied.

The study, the final in a series of three consumer-related reports published over the past twelve months,...

Report

25 Jun 2009

This survey suggests proportion of Britons reading online news has doubled in two years but also reveals why some people are saying 'No thanks' to Digital Britain.

A new survey into how British people are using the Internet in 2009 suggests that...

Audio

23 Jun 2009

Between mid-1990s to 2004, there has been an eighty per cent increase in overseas trained doctors working in rural areas, compared with an eight percent increase for Australian trained doctors.

Despite this increase, overseas trained doctors often find themselves in a different culture, with...

Report

23 Jun 2009

This report presents the case for learning support programs (LSPs) and suggests that, in light of Commonwealth and state commitments to social inclusion, a serious policy and funding commitment to such programs is required as a key element of the implementation of the COAG National...

Report

23 Jun 2009

This research explores the capacity of the income 'safety net' to provide adequate living standards for low paid workers. It examines levels of income, wealth, consumption expenditure and financial stress and explores the prevalence and persistence of low living standards among low-paid employees.

The...

Report

23 Jun 2009

The National Institute of Labour Studies, Flinders University, were commissioned by the Australian Fair Pay Commission Secretariat to investigate the size, trends in, and determinants of, the difference between male and female pay in Australia

focusing on occupations and industries with a high density...

Report

23 Jun 2009

This report examines the gender composition of industry and occupational sectors and analyses recent trends.

It explores the role of minimum wages in shaping gender pay differentials and provides quantitative analysis of the possible causes of observed differences in the earnings of Australian men...

Report

24 Jun 2009

Governments must continue reforms to ensure that public and private retirement income provision is socially as well as financially sustainable, according to this report.

"More than one in four Australian seniors live in poverty on international measures," according to the report. "This is the...

Report

24 Jun 2009

Australia, in common with many industrialised countries, must adjust to an ageing population, including introducing measures to encourage workers to stay in work, according to this report.

Australia's labour force participation rate is projected to fall over the coming decades and there will be...

Report

24 Jun 2009

This paper outlines the main features of this major US bill, which would create an emissions trading scheme and other clean energy and energy efficiency initiatives, and compares its main features with the Australian government’s proposed Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme.

Addressing climate change is...

Book

24 Jun 2009

'Consultation' has become something of a mantra in contemporary governance. This book maps out the principal approaches used by governments to consult with and engage affected communities of interest.

Governments well understand that policy occurs in a highly contestable environment in which there are...

Report

24 Jun 2009

Using health survey data from Australia, Canada, England and Korea, this report explores the relationship between education and obesity.

An epidemic of obesity has been developing in virtually all OECD countries over the last 30 years. Existing evidence provides strong suggestions that such epidemic...

Report

24 Jun 2009

This report recommends reinstating a number of longstanding provisions to protect the franchise for those who are entitled to exercise it.

These include:

• restoring the traditional seven day close of rolls period to enrol or update enrolment details;

• restoring provisions...

Report

24 Jun 2009

The federal government has asked the Productivity Commission to examine and report on the relative performance of the public and private hospital systems, and related data issues.

This issues paper provides background information for people intending to make a submission to the inquiry, together...

Report

24 Jun 2009

This paper examines service provision, service coordination, Indigenous families and children in Communities for Children sites, identifies factors that facilitate or hinder service provision and outcomes, and considers sustainability issues.

The paper documents one of three themed studies undertaken by the National Evaluation Consortium...

Report

24 Jun 2009

This report covers three of the Stronger Families and Communities Strategy initiatives - Communities for Children (CfC), Invest to Grow and Local Answers. It examines service provision, service coordination, Indigenous families and children in CfC sites, factors that facilitate or hinder service provision and outcomes,...

Report

24 Jun 2009

This chapter by Kim Dunphy of the Cultural Development Network in Australia contributes to an international research report investigating the revitalisation of rural communities through arts and culture.

The Centre for Policy Studies on Culture and Communities at Simon Fraser University, Vancouver and the...

Report

22 Jun 2009

Three out of four teachers feel they lack incentives to improve the quality of their teaching, while bad behaviour by students in the classroom disrupts lessons in three schools out of five, according to a new OECD report.

OECD's Teaching and Learning International Survey...

Report

22 Jun 2009

This survey presents information on people's views and practices on environmental issues, for people aged 18 years and over.

The data collected provides information on environmental concerns, personal energy and water use, waste collection and disposal and environmental involvement. Data from this survey are...

Report

22 Jun 2009

In March 2007, celebrations were held on Gunditjmara country in south-western Victoria to celebrate a native title consent determination -- a determination that is reached through the consent of all parties, rather than litigation.

The celebrations were at the base of the volcanic mountain...

Article

22 Jun 2009

The High Court of Australia’s 2007 decision that interim control orders were not unconstitutional in Thomas v Mowbray is important in two distinct senses.

First, the case concerned constitutional powers and limitations which are either infrequently considered (in particular, the Commonwealth’s legislative power with...

Commentary

Article

22 Jun 2009

The High Court has clarified the law of defamation, writes Tessa Meyrick

in High Court Watch, the first in a new series of monthly reports on significant policy-related cases

LIKE THE NOTION of “free speech," which it is often pitched against,...

Article

23 Jun 2009

WHY DO governments budget? The official answer is that they budget for the same reason the rest of us do (well, some of us): to make plans for the future in financial form, and to monitor progress against those plans. In contrast to individuals, and...

Report

23 Jun 2009

From discarded fishing gear to plastic bags to cigarette butts, a growing tide of marine litter is harming oceans and beaches worldwide according to this UN report, the first-ever attempt to take stock of the marine litter situation in the 12 major regional seas around...

Report

23 Jun 2009

This report provides comprehensive statistical information on the 2,080 residential aged care homes and their 160,250 residents at 30 June 2008.

The report contains information on the capacity of residential aged care homes, their residents and resident characteristics, levels of dependency among residents, and...

Report

23 Jun 2009

Richard Leaver and Alex Stephens of Flinders University write that in the Vietnam era Australian policy attitudes to China "begged the question ‘when is your enemy not your enemy?’ and delivered the seemingly obvious answer: ‘when he’s your fifth biggest trading partner’."

Yet in...

Audio

22 Jun 2009

At the Wednesday Lowy Lunch on 16 June, Malcolm Cook and Andrew Shearer discussed how the Australia-Japan relationship can help both countries respond to the emerging new order in international relations.

This order is characterised by changing global power balances, the move towards...

Report

22 Jun 2009

The Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme bills have been introduced to the Senate and will be debated from 22 June 2009.

The Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS) is the cap-and-trade emissions trading scheme designed as Australia's contribution to limiting the global emissions of greenhouse gases...

Report

16 Jun 2009

Indonesia has held its third democratic elections since the fall of Suharto. Parliamentary elections took place on 9 April. Elections in Indonesia are now fairly routine and the country has become the most robust democracy in Southeast Asia.

In the parliamentary election on 9...

Report

22 Apr 2009

Young people are likely to be hit hard by rising unemployment as the global downturn continues. In Australia, where more young people work than in most OECD countries, the government should encourage more teenagers to stay in school past the age of 16 in order...

Report

19 Jun 2009

In recent years there has been continuing debate about the level and adequacy of public funding for Australian universities. This follows changes in funding mechanisms, and reflects general recognition of links between the level of university funding, educational outcomes, social advancement, and economic growth....

Report

19 Jun 2009

This report delivers the findings of a research project carried out from 2008 to 2009 to explore the trends in corporate and philanthropic involvement in school education in Victoria, Australia and internationally that are supporting improved outcomes for students.

This included a search of...

Report

19 Jun 2009

The Anglican Church has released a report into past cases of child sex abuse within the church in Australia.

University of Sydney researchers examined 191 incidents involving 17 dioceses across the country between 1990 and 2008.

The study shows boys aged...

Report

20 Jun 2009

The Green Paper outlines in detail the risks facing Victoria and the likely impacts of the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme, and also proposes ways the state can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, adapt to the impacts of climate change and become a leading low carbon economy....

Dataset

4 Jun 2009

This release presents national statistics on incidents of victimisation for a selected range of offences that came to the attention of state and territory police and were recorded by them in the period 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2008.

Report

18 Jun 2009

While natural hazards cannot be prevented, they only become disasters because affected communities are vulnerable and unprepared.

Early warning systems have been proved beyond doubt to save lives and reduce economic losses at all levels, but they are still not an integral part of...

Report

19 Jun 2009

This report is the British Government's strategic vision for ensuring that the UK is at the leading edge of the global digital economy. It is an example of industrial activism in a crucial growth sector.

The report contains actions and recommendations to ensure first...

Blog post

19 Jun 2009

This report provides a context the development of e-government portals by cities.

City portals provide online access to a growing number of e-government services. As such they have been successful in exploiting the opportunities technology offers to make local and regional government services available...

Report

19 Jun 2009

Recent population forecasts indicate that Melbourne's population will reach 5 million sooner than expected. As well as allowing for an additional 284,000 new homes to be built in Melbourne's growth areas over the next 20 years, land must be set aside now for...

Report

17 Jun 2009

This report presents a comprehensive summary of the results of the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. It provides information on the prevalence of mental disorders, their severity, associated suicidality, and comorbidity with other mental disorders and physical conditions, as well as what...

Report

17 Jun 2009

This report provides the latest indicators of child health, development and wellbeing. Death rates among children have fallen dramatically, and most children are physically active and meet minimum standards for reading and numeracy.

But rates of severe disability and diabetes are on the rise....

Commentary

Article

17 Jun 2009

As Peter Costello’s fortunes show, politics can be a matter of being in the right place at the right time, writes Peter Brent on our partner website, INSIDE STORY.

Report

16 Jun 2009

This report on a recent forum in Melbourne that brought together teachers of Indigenous students, Aboriginal education unit representatives and contact liaison officers from the states and territories, discusses the use of digital curriculum resources.

The forum explored recent research and shared experiences about...

Report

18 Jun 2009

This European study presents an innovative approach to short-term forecasts of unemployment using data on Google search words, which allows them to predict unemployment trends as early as one month before the official figures are released by the Federal Employment Agency.

In times of...

Report

18 Jun 2009

Job applicants find it easier to get an interview if they have an Anglo-Saxon name, according to new research from The Australian National University.

The study, conducted by ANU economists Professor Alison Booth and Professor Andrew Leigh from the Research School of Social Sciences,...

Discussion paper

18 Jun 2009

Going to a single-sex school makes teenage girls more competitive than if they attend a co-educational school, a study of adolescent behaviour has found.

Using a controlled experiment, we examine the role of nurture in explaining the stylized fact that women shy away from...

Report

18 Jun 2009

This report argues that early warning without early action is not enough; early action can do more to reduce loss of life and protect livelihoods than can be achieved through emergency response alone. National governments, donors and all stakeholders must take up this challenge.

Audio

18 Jun 2009

The biggest recent copyright case is Google's book digitisation project. Authors and publishers wanted a slice of the pie that they thought Google was getting for free.

In the US, they were successful in their demands and Google is now paying out millions to...

Briefing paper

16 Jun 2009

At a time of economic downturn, nonprofit businesses share one particular characteristic that presents the greatest challenge of all -- their heavy dependence on third-party funding.

In general they provide services to individuals irrespective of their ability to pay. Consequently a nonprofit's economic viability...

Video

In this special ABC Fora-presented session of the Sydney Writers Festival, Tony Jones hosts a panel discussing Australia's most recent change of government, when the previously unassailable John Howard was electorally humiliated by a nerdy little MP from Queensland.

The panelists were journalist...

Video

Have you read an awful lot about the economy, noticed and felt that change in the financial climate, but still don't completely understand it?

You know it has something to do with sub-prime mortgages in America, banks collapsing, share-markets getting jittery and spooked,...

Audio

16 Jun 2009

This Big Ideas recording is from the launch of the book Don't Leave us With the Bill, which is a series of essays and has been published by the Menzies Research Centre.

Advocates of an Australian statutory bill of rights have attracted much air...

Report

17 Jun 2008

Published annually since 1993, the World Disasters Report brings together the latest trends, facts and analysis of contemporary crises. The AIDS epidemic is a disaster on many levels.

The AIDS epidemic is a disaster on many levels. In the most affected countries in sub-Saharan...

Report

17 Jun 2009

Aboriginal patients from remote areas have special needs when interacting with health systems, and these needs must be met for safe care practices and optimal health outcomes to be achieved.

A growing body of evidence suggests that relatively small modifi cations to existing systems...

Report

17 Jun 2009

Alarming new figures that show a dramatic increase in the rate of autism in children highlight the need to identify the cause of the disorder, according to David Austin, editor of this special issue of the E-Journal of Applied Psychology.

In 1943, Leo Kanner...

Commentary

Article

17 Jun 2009

THOSE WHO SENSED that religion had become a bigger part of Australian politics in the early twenty-first century were quite right. Kevin Rudd’s musings on Bonhoffer’s legacy, the government-funded (Catholic) World Youth Day, the Exclusive Brethren’s anti-Greens campaigning and many other policy debates and political...

Transcript

17 Jun 2009

This paper summarise the various meanings which have been applied to the notion of traditional ownership, based on a review of the published literature on the subject.

It starts with a brief summation of the various definitions which have been included in Australian...

Discussion paper

12 Jun 2009

This paper discusses the findings of a recently released study to ‘measure the progress of reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians’ by Reconciliation Australia.

The study, Australian Reconciliation Barometer , was released in February 2009. It breaks new ground in the campaign for ‘reconciliation’...

Report

15 Jun 2009

Interacting with Government explores Australians’ use and satisfaction with e‑government services provided through the internet and telephone.

It investigates:

how people contact government by internet, telephone, in-person or mail satisfaction with these means of contacting government, including reasons for satisfaction and dissatisfaction...

Report

15 Jun 2009

This research explores the achievements and struggles of the mental health consumer movement across Australia in order to inform the development of consumer activities in one state, Tasmania.

Using information collated from a literature review and one-to-one interviews with over 70 consumers and other...

Report

15 Jun 2009

This report explores one aspect of the consumer credit sector: payday loans. Payday loans are a ‘fringe’ credit product, operating outside the mainstream credit sector.

In this report they are defined as loans that are small (no more than $1,000 but typically less than...

Report

15 Jun 2009

This essay looks for an end to "neglect" in Australia-India relations and finds the usual reversion to cricket metaphors - talk of "dropped catches" in the games of diplomacy and trade - demonstrates an evident lack of understanding within Australian institutions of the vast changes...

Report

15 Jun 2009

With online interaction and gaming now a fact of daily life for a great many people, violence against women in computer games and in virtual (online) environments is becoming a pressing issue for both legal and ethical reasons.

This paper summarises two kinds of...

Report

15 Jun 2009

Thousands of women participate in multi-user online worlds such as Second Life. In these online communities, women can use their online personas - their avatars - to chat, fight, make friends and even get married. Yet the freedom that makes multi-user online worlds attractive to...

Report

15 Jun 2009

This paper examines the new National Health and Medical Research Council alcohol guidelines and issues related to communicating these to the wider community.

Preventing or minimising the adverse impact of alcohol on the community is an ongoing challenge. Many strategies, approaches and initiatives aimed...

Report

16 Jun 2009

This paper examines the cost of a range of national, regional and global mitigation policies and the corresponding incentives for countries to participate in ambitious international mitigation actions.

The paper illustrates the scope for available instruments to strengthen these incentives and discusses ways...

Report

16 Jun 2009

This Policy Brief examines how innovation can result in new technological and systemic solutions to environmental challenges and contributes to a wider range of OECD work aimed at analysing the policies that can efficiently support the development and diffusion of eco-innovation.

While industries are...

Report

16 Jun 2009

Community services organisations provided assistance to over 3 million clients last financial year, according to this ACOSS report. Some services are at breaking point and were forced to turn away a quarter of people needing child welfare, youth or housing services.

Demand...

Report

16 Jun 2009

This report addresses a key equity issue for migrants with disability in Australia, which means that migrants with disability are unable to access appropriate financial support, or a range of services and support that are available to other Australian residents with disability.

Migrants with...

Report

16 Jun 2009

This report presents the results of research by the Social Policy Research Centre into the governance, sustainability and funding of non- profit non-government organisations in the alcohol and other drugs sector in Australia.

The research included a review of the research literature as...

Report

16 Jun 2009

The draft Premises Standards are intended to make public buildings more accessible for people with mobility, vision and hearing impairments. If introduced, the Premises Standards will have a widespread impact, improving building accessibility for new buildings and existing buildings undergoing significant upgrades. In addition to...

Report

16 Jun 2009

Communities for Children place based research project increases knowledge of the social networks and service use of vulnerable parents with children under five whom formal services find ‘hard to reach’.

The National Framework for Protecting Australia’s Children 2009-2020 reflects the nation’s growing investment...

Commentary

Article

17 Jun 2009

A serious debate about this fundamental shift in policy has barely begun, writes Peter Mares on our partner website, INSIDE STORY

Report

13 Jun 2009

This report presents a broad range of information about types of admissions to and expenditure in Australian public and private hospitals.

In 2007-08 there were: 7.9 million hospitalisations , 60% of these were in public acute hospitals; 566,000 admissions from public hospital elective surgery...

Report

15 Jun 2009

The Indigenous Budget Bulletin is prepared by the Macroeconomics health team to help engender public debate and scrutiny of Indigenous budget policy.

The bulletins are published at least twice a year (coinciding with the release of the Budget and the Mid Year Economic and...

Report

15 Jun 2009

A recent directive by the Chinese government requires the installation of a specific filtering software product, Green Dam, with the publicly stated intent of protecting children from harmful Internet content. The proposed implementation of software as reviewed in this report would in fact...

Report

15 Jun 2009

This paper focuses on which cities and large towns Indigenous Australians live in, how the Indigenous population is distributed by neighbourhood within these cities and towns, and what the characteristics of the neighbourhoods are in which Indigenous Australians are concentrated.

According to the 2006...

Report

11 Jun 2009

Victoria's multicultural policy, All of Us, sets out a framework for continuing to strengthen and promote multiculturalism across the state.

All of Us was developed after extensive community consultation and is built on a strong foundation of partnerships, harmonious community relations, advocacy and supportive...

Report

11 Jun 2009

This report warns that innovation risks being hit hard by the economic crisis as the capital to finance it grows scarce. It also includes a breakdown of government stimulus packages in the 30 OECD countries and the future-oriented measures taken relating to innovation, including broadband,...

Report

11 Jun 2009

This US report is the first nationwide look at artists' demographic and employment patterns in the 21st century.

Artists in the Workforce analyzes working artist trends, gathering new statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau to provide a comprehensive overview of this workforce segment and...

Video

Many might imagine that the process of designing a cover for a magazine is a case of taking a photo and organising some informative graphics. Not so for the team at Wired magazine, as Creative Director Scott Dadich reveals.

Dadich, a self-confessed perfectionist with...

Report

11 Jun 2009

This report is the first phase (market research an initial message testing) of a larger study aimed at improving the image of computer science among US high school students, with particular emphasis on issues related to gender and ethnic disparities, and increasing participation at the...

Report

2 Jun 2009

This research paper analyses the 2009 Queensland state election and argues that the result demonstrates that despite running a budget deficit resulting from a large spending program, a Labor government can still be re-elected.

Report

12 May 2009

Middle class welfare has been a controversial issue in policy debates in Australia in recent years. The research examined in the paper suggests that the issues relating to middle class welfare are more complex than generally suggested in the various debates on this topic in...

Report

10 Jun 2009

Australia's settlement services for refugees and migrants have evolved over the last 60 years from the provision of basic on-arrival accommodation and assistance, to more intensive support programs targeted at meeting the specific needs of humanitarian entrants.

* In recent years there has...

Report

10 Jun 2009

This report covers Australians' attitudes and behaviours to online security and privacy; issues of digital confidence and skills; take-up and use of the internet; and factors which influence people’s decisions to participate or not participate online.

The Australia in the Digital Economy Series builds...

Commentary

Article

4 Jun 2009

The Australia–India relationship is on the cusp of something deep and mutually beneficial. It would be tragic if thugs and misunderstandings got in the way, writes Robin Jeffrey on our partner site, INSIDE STORY.

Report

10 Jun 2009

Health literacy is the ability to understand and interpret the meaning of health information in written, spoken or digital form and how this motivates people to embrace or disregard actions relating to health. Recognition of the health literacy status of individuals allows use...

Commentary

Article

3 Jun 2009

Government policy should confer rights rather than privileges, writes Klaus Neumann on our partner website, INSIDE STORY.

Report

10 Jun 2009

This is the second discussion paper as part of the Communications Alliance's NBN Industry Connection program that addresses industry issues related to the Government’s announced policy on building a National Broadband Network.

The first paper covered the topic of how the industry can develop...

Commentary

Article

10 Jun 2009

PEOPLE SMUGGLING is a matter of considerable political concern to Western governments, and has received much international attention in recent years. This is evidenced by the fact that 119 states, including Australia, have become parties to the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land,...

Report

10 Jun 2009

Australia needs half of the population to be fluent in an Asian language within 30 years or risk falling behind other countries, this report has found.

Australia must abandon its monolingual mindset to keep pace with economic and political power houses of China, India,...

Report

10 Jun 2009

In a new Lowy Institute Analysis, 'Between defiance and détente: Iran’s 2009 presidential election and its impact on foreign policy', Iranian researcher Mahmoud Alinejad looks ahead to the Iranian presidential election on 12 June.

He assesses the four candidates’ prospects and analyses the potential...

Video

Florian Westphal, the head of media at the International Committee of the Red Cross, addresses the question of how the media and humanitarian organisations frame our perceptions of war crimes; and how they can responsibly draw the attention of policy-makers to the need to investigate,...

Article

10 Jun 2009

It has always been risky for academics to study Indigenous issues. These risks increased when the so-called culture and history wars intensified during the late 1990s and early 2000s.

There are encouraging signs, however, that scholars are approaching the field with renewed...

Report

10 Jun 2009

The federal government's Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme needs to go back the the drawing board according to a coalition of green groups. In the meantime, here's a plan for implementing immediate solutions that will reduce emissions and create jobs.

This document presents...

Report

11 Jun 2009

Everyone knows that the mining boom led to record growth rates, enormous budget surpluses and historically low levels of unemployment — but was that really the case? The evidence suggests not according to David Richardson.

Report

11 Jun 2009

This publication presents estimates of agricultural water use, including pastures and crops irrigated. Estimates are presented for Australia, state/territories and Natural Resource Management (NRM) regions, as well as for the Murray-Darling Basin.

The estimates are compiled from data collected as part of the Agricultural...

Report

11 Jun 2009

Based on responses from 4,000 businesses, the survey found that 14% had experienced one or more computer security incidents in 2006-07. The financial loss was estimated at between $595m and $649m. The results highlight the importance of partnerships between government and the private sector, as...

Report

8 Jun 2009

This policy analysis assesses the strategic consequences of North Korea's second nuclear test, arguing that this test is more troubling than the first.

It points to a North Korean arsenal that is permanent and growing rather than temporary and diminishing. Moreover, it undermines not...

Discussion paper

8 Jun 2009

This year the Rudd government will issue a counter-terrorism white paper. In the preparation of the new white paper, this policy analysis examines what Australia can learn from the UK's "Contest Two" approach with respect to domestic counter extremism policy.

The UK released its...

Report

8 Jun 2009

This project aimed to encourage and support greater participation in peer review of teaching through the creation of resources to assist institutions to effectively implement policies and programs of peer review of teaching.

Peer review of teaching has the potential to advance the quality...

Report

8 Jun 2009

This report provides an insight into contemporary relationships, their health and perceived outlook in the context of factors currently adding stress to family units.

Family Relationship Services Australia believes that the results of this survey support the potential benefit of a community information campaign...

Journal article

8 Jun 2009

This paper contrasts settler Australian and Yolngu ways of conceptualising and giving meaning to the bodies of salt water that settler Australians call 'seas' and 'oceans'.

Under the Aboriginal Lands Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976 (ALRA) Aboriginal freehold land has always extended...

Journal article

16 Apr 2009

During the Suharto era public funding of health in Indonesia was low and the health services were tightly controlled by the central government; district health staff had practically no discretion over expenditure. Following the downfall of President Suharto there was a radical political, administrative and...

Report

8 Jun 2009

One of the most decisive findings of behavioural and social research has been the economic and social benefits of early education.

The scale of those benefits will be outlined after examining the factors that enhance, or impede, a good beginning to children's education. The...

Report

8 Jun 2009

Both Australian and overseas studies over the past decade have shown that the burden of joblessness has increasingly become concentrated in certain households with diminished prospects of those not in work being able to be supported materially by other family members.

At the same...

Discussion paper

5 Jun 2009

Following community concerns with the changes in the the taxation of employee share schemes announced on Budget night and the possible unintended adverse impacts, the government has fast-tracked the consultation process on this change. This consultation paper and exposure draft bill seeks to provide a...

Report

4 Jun 2009

This learning module reports on innovative community news initiatives that are cropping up around the United States - and the process of securing grants from foundations that have not traditionally supported journalism.

In the case studies and accompanying videos, you’ll meet citizen journalists who...

Journal article

4 Jun 2009

In 2004, linguist and cognitive scientist George Lakoff popularized the idea of using metaphors and “frames” to promote progressive political issues. Although his theories have since been criticized, this article asserts that his framing is still relevant to the debate over copyright law...

Journal article

4 Jun 2009

We propose that the concept of the wiki may be useful for understanding the kinds of virtual identities that are constructed, visually presented, and narrated in online contexts, such as MySpace.

Wikis and social networking sites (SNS) are arguably two of the...

Report

4 Jun 2009

With the broad reach of a loose and lightly regulated digital infrastructure, great risks threaten nations, private enterprises, and individual rights, according to this report of the 60-day review on cybersecurity in the United States.

Report

4 Jun 2009

The HILDA Survey aims to provide a new type of social statistics for Australia, and to investigate new methods of measuring change and social trends. Volume 4 of the Statistical Report is based on the first six waves of data collected by the HILDA Survey...

Journal article

4 Jun 2009

The Medicare Safety Net (MSN) was introduced in March 2004 to provide financial relief for those who incur high out-of-pocket costs from medical services. The policy has the potential to improve equity.

This study examines: (i) how the health and income profiles of small...

Report

5 Jun 2009

This US paper provides an exhaustive review of critical issues in the design of climate mitigation policy by pulling together key findings and controversies from diverse literatures on mitigation costs, damage valuation, policy instrument choice, technological innovation, and international climate policy.

The...

Report

5 Jun 2009

Reducing oil dependence. Strengthening energy security. Creating jobs. Tackling global warming. Addressing air pollution. Improving our health. The United States has many reasons to make the transition to a clean energy economy.

What we need is a comprehensive set of smart policies to jump-start...

Report

5 May 2009

This paper presents a general model of the interaction between settlement and the emergence of de facto property rights on frontiers prior to governments establishing and enforcing de jure property rights.

Settlers have an incentive to establish de facto property rights to avoid the...

Report

5 May 2009

This paper investigates whether and to what extent demographic change has an impact on human capital accumulation. The effect of the relative cohort size on educational attainment of young adults in Germany is analyzed utilizing data from the German Socio-Economic Panel for West-German individuals of...

Report

5 May 2009

The paper proposes a return to a progressive individual based income tax and universal family payments for dependent children, for reasons of both fairness and efficiency, and argues for the elimination of policy instruments that create complexity and serve only to reduce the transparency of...

Briefing paper

5 Jun 2009

This facts sheet is about the diverse range of families in which Australians live and the diverse ways in which they provide support to one another.

Families are very diverse and take many shapes and forms. They also typically extend across a number of...

Report

14 May 2009

The government should take into account the opportunities and challenges presented by digital media to sports organisations' current and future revenue prospects and options, according to this report, which recommends that the current Crawford review of sports pay particular attention to the capacity of sports...

Report

27 May 2009

The review contains the Commission's latest quantitative estimates of Australian Government assistance to industry and documents the findings of the major reviews dealing with export assistance, innovation policy, and assistance to the automotive and the textiles, clothing and footwear sectors. The review also look at...

Report

3 Jun 2009

This report is the outcome of research project to develop indicators that identify the social and economic cost and benefits of forestry, the direct and flow-on benefits of forestry activity and the impacts of current policy settings on the forest industry.

The indicators enable...

Report

26 Mar 2009

Compared to the general South Australian urban population, people in this study reported lower levels of physical and mental health and experience of racism was associated with poorer health outcomes of participants.

After consultations with policy makers and practitioners, key policy issues were identified...

Report

3 Jun 2009

This report provides an overview of the U.S. government’s global health architecture. It first defines U.S. global health policy and describes the multiple ways in which the U.S. government plays a role in global health.

It then provides a snapshot of U.S. global health...

Commentary

Article

3 Jun 2009

THE RUDD GOVERNMENT should help out the United States by accepting some of the remaining seventeen Uighur detainees currently being held at Guantanamo Bay. The Uighurs, ethnically Turkic Muslins who populate China’s north-west, have been detained at Guantanamo since 2002, despite having no known connection...

Literature review

4 Jun 2009

This document provides context for the Arts and Disability Action Strategy being developed by Arts Access to identify gaps in services and any barriers to cultural and creative skills development.

Report

4 Jun 2009

This article establishes the historical framework of net-radio and traditional radio in the context of emerging technologies, programming ideologies and government regulations in North America and Australia.

It illustrates how the unregulated nature of net-only radio relaxes the structural constraints associated with traditional radio....

Report

4 Jun 2009

This paper represents the Government's response to the public consultation on the national broadcasters, highlighting the funding and future directions for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) and Special Broadcasting Service (SBS).

Report

4 Jun 2009

The Story Exchange section of the Sims 2 website offers Sims 2 players a forum to read and review other players’ original stories which they have written while playing.

This article draws on interview data from Sarah, a 15-year-old female involved in reading and...

Video

Is the Rudd Government's new Defence White Paper more of the same or a significant departure from the previous strategic orthodoxy? More importantly, is it affordable, and will future governments commit to the level of spending necessary to ensure that the White Paper's ambitious goals...

Video

In his Closing Address to the Sydney Writers' Festival, Richard Flanagan mounts an impassioned and stinging attack on the the proposal to allow parallel importation of books into Australia.

His talk draws on subjects as broad as his cousin Arthur "Mad Dog" Kemp, William...

Journal article

3 Jun 2009

For economists, the main test of a microeconomic policy change is its effect on efficiency: gains minus losses, equally weighted. However, it is standard economics that individuals value losses more than gains. Moreover, imposing large, uncompensated and uninsurable policy-induced losses would be widely regarded as...

Journal article

3 Jun 2009

Using a unique administrative dataset for West Australia, we identify the nature of spells in public housing and the determinants of the length of those spells. Our results indicate that lone parents and single individuals experience longer spells in public housing compared with couple households....

Journal article

3 Jun 2009

All cities face the challenge of catering for often-conflicting economic, environmental and social objectives in developing transport policy. In general, there is a widespread acknowledgement that, of these, the objectives addressing social issues are the most poorly managed from a policy context. The impacts of...

Commentary

Article

2 Jun 2009

The federal government is so anxious to avoid debt that it’s endangering its main priorities, writes Brian Toohey on our partner site, INSIDE STORY.

Report

3 Jun 2009

Better urban design of our cities and suburbs to encourage people to be active and a greater focus on teaching children the importance of healthy eating and exercise are key recommendations of this report.

The committee has called for national urban planning guidelines...

Report

3 Jun 2009

Local governments are struggling to provide sufficient levels of infrastructure for their communities while community organisations have been hit by a significant drop in donations, according to this report.

The report presents a series of principles which the committee believes are fundamental to the...

Report

3 May 2009

This report looks at issues and policy which impinge most directly on men's health, and at the need to support research and provide good clinical care and education and awareness campaigns that seek to improve men's understanding of their health.

The inquiry was established...

Commentary

Article

3 Jun 2009

For three decades the Australian War Memorial has been the focus of a struggle between two ways of knowing the past, writes Dean Ashenden on our partner site, INSIDE STORY

Article

1 Jun 2009

Trust and engagement are the twin pillars of a participation society. In their absence, the ties that bind -- the networks of 'social capital' that underpin civility, respect for others and a collective sense of mutual responsibility -- are loosened.

This essay is driven...

Discussion paper

1 Jun 2009

The aim of this project is to develop a set of good practices for strategic asset management which will assist State Housing Authorities (SHAs) as they seek to improve housing outcomes for public tenants and extend the life of their housing stock by maintaining its...

Journal article

1 Jun 2009

The formation of the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission (NHHRC) and the National Preventative Task Force in 2008, demonstrate a renewed Australian Government commitment to health reform.

The re-focus on prevention, bringing it to the centre of health care has significant implications for...

Audio

1 Jun 2009

This presentation outlines the Rudd Government's approach to human rights and upcoming reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's leadership in this area.

Discussion paper

1 Jun 2009

The Commonwealth Attorney-General, Robert McClelland outlines the Government's approach to human rights and upcoming reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's leadership in this area.

Report

1 Jun 2009

Following the response to the 2020 Summit’s recommendations, the Rudd government has agreed to establish a Deployable Civilian Capacity (DCC) for the rapid deployment of civilian experts to assist in international disaster relief, stabilisation and post-conflict reconstruction efforts.

This Policy Analysis examines the need...

Video

The 2009 John Bonython Lecture with PJ O'Rourke. An evening of irreverent erudition and witty commentary as wise-cracking political journalist PJ O’Rourke examines the global credit crisis and the future of capitalism through a prism of realistic positivity.

The 2009 John Bonython Lecture...

Report

1 Jun 2009

The recent Defence White Paper included a surprise announcement of a new Australian-owned satellite surveillance capability.

This ASPI Policy Analysis describes the potential benefits of such a system and explains how the choice of orbit could provide a better-value solution for Australia's surveillance requirements....

Report

1 Jun 2009

This report discusses the roles, functions and procedures of the modern Australian shadow cabinet. It aims to redress the shortage of material on the Shadow Cabinet, and provide the reader with a better understanding of what the Shadow Cabinet does and how it operates....

Report

1 Jun 2009

The key features of a selection of crucial Budget measures are discussed in this detailed report.

The first article, Budget 2009–10: Key features, provides a macroeconomic analysis and commentary of the Budget including the assumptions underpinning the government’s fiscal policy and the main...

Report

1 Jun 2009

Health cardholders such as age pensioners and the unemployed have government entitlement cards and are eligible for public dental care. Health cardholders who visit a public dentist have a similar level of oral health and receive similar dental care as those who visit a private...

Report

1 Jun 2009

Following the release of the Federal Budget, community sector organisations are increasingly concerned that gaps between income support payments are widening and there is now a four-class system of income support.

There is a $147 per week gap between the top and bottom income...

Report

1 Jun 2009

Most states and territories have introduced legislation providing for child-related employment pre-screening, or are working towards such legislation but there are important differences across jurisdictions regarding the type of screening programs that are in place, what records are checked, and who is required to undergo...

Audio

1 Jun 2009

This workshop presentation on the use of water diaries as a robust method to examine the ‘black box’ of intra-household water use provides insights into demand managment strategies as well as the gender divisions of household labour.

Kate Harriden and Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt have recently...

Report

1 Jun 2009

It has become common for low-voltage electricity distribution networks to be installed underground in new housing developments due to a number of advantages over overhead networks including improved appearance, reliability of supply and safety.

This paper investigates the value of these benefits to households...

Article

1 Jun 2009

The idea that it is the primary function of elected governments to raise the disposable income of their citizens is the great unwritten understanding of modern Western democracy.

‘The social contract of Cold War liberalism’ one commentator noted is, ‘a state‐sponsored guarantee of private...