October 2013

Report

30 Oct 2013

This study finds that 54% of American internet users have posted original photos or videos to websites and 47% share photos or videos they found elsewhere online.

The mobile landscape has also added to photo- and video-sharing. Apps like Snapchat and Instagram have capitalized...

Working paper

22 Oct 2013

This paper brings together literature from behavioral economics, sociology, psychology and communication studies to reveal how civic actors, institutions, and decision-making processes have been traditionally understood, and how emerging media tools and practices are forcing their reconsideration.

Introduction

As digital communication technologies...

Report

30 Oct 2013

The role of media in a democracy is to truthfully report contemporary events and issues to the public. This includes scientific evidence about the crucial issue of climate change. If people are confused or ignorant about potential threats, they cannot be expected to support action...

Journal article

25 Oct 2013

This article establishes ways that family members engage and disengage in talk so as to manage their individual activity with mobile devices and accomplish interaction with each other.

Abstract

Internet-connected tablets and smart phones are being used increasingly by young children. Little...

Report

30 Oct 2013

This report details the current progress of the National Broadband Network.

Operational highlights

At 30 June 2013, NBN Co achieved its revised rollout target for Fibre premises passed of 190,000-220,000 with 207,543 premises being passed ] During the year NBN Co passed...

Report

30 Oct 2013

Five years of reporting on Australia’s education outcomes has shown signs of improvement in the early years and in Year 12 attainment.

About this report

All Australian governments signed the National Education Agreement in January 2009. The objective of the agreement is...

Report

5 Jun 2013

This report found that Australia was on track to halve the gap in child death rates within 10 years. In education, more young Indigenous people were completing Year 12 and studying post school qualifications, but Indigenous children were not doing well in reading and numeracy....

Report

30 Oct 2013

The Climate Change Authority has released this Draft Report to assist individuals and organisations to prepare submissions to the Targets and Progress Review. It outlines:

the scope of the Review; the matters the Authority has considered, and its draft recommendations; and how to make...

Video

3 Jul 2013

Professor Gary Banks AO, Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia, Dean of the Australian and New Zealand School of Government (ANZSOG), and prior to that, head of the Productivity Commission for nearly 15 years, speaks about the role of public inquiries...

Video

5 Sep 2013

In the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia 2013 Keith Hancock Lecture Retirement income design with an ageing demographic, Scientia Professor John Piggott FASSA, argues that population ageing has challenged the standard 20th century retirement income paradigm, which relies on ever-growing payrolls to finance retirees....

Audio

29 Oct 2013

Those living in regional centres can often face real challenges in seeking legal assistance to escape abusive marriages or to simply take out apprehended violence orders against dangerous partners. Now a pilot scheme is using internet-based video technology to provide much needed legal services for...

Report

28 Oct 2013

This review was undertaken to ensure that lessons are identified to improve the process closing of Large Residential Centres and the development of new accommodation services for people with disability.

Brief summary

Ageing, Disability and Home Care (ADHC), Department of Family and...

Report

28 Feb 2013

Executive Summary: Relatively low-cost digital technology is ubiquitous in daily life and work. The Web is a vast source of information, communication, and connection opportunities available to anyone with Internet access. Most professionals and many students have a mobile device in their pocket with more...

Report

9 Oct 2013

This report assesses business users’ attitudes on a range of issues that are material to the reviews of the national broadband network (NBN).

Report

28 Oct 2013

Every year Anglicare Victoria conducts a survey of its Emergency Relief and Financial Counselling clients to assess the level and extent of hardship and to highlight a contemporary problem facing people on low income.

In the light of the Australian Government’s recent decision to...

Video

28 Oct 2013

A passionate panel of international and local arts critics debate the nature – and future – of arts criticism, right now.

While we find new ways to respond to the art around us, what’s happening to formal criticism? As the digital world sees traditional...

Report

28 Oct 2013

This report argues that rather than outsourcing ever more public services, governments should introduce social impact bond models within the public sector.

Executive summary

In one of his first major steps as Prime Minister, Tony Abbott has delivered on his promise to...

Report

3 May 1974

The Aboriginal Land Rights Commission ran from 1973 to 1974 and had the purpose of inquiring into appropriate ways to recognise Aboriginal land rights in the Northern Territory.

Gough Whitlam had appointed Justice Edward Woodward to run the Commission, which became known as the...

Journal article

30 Aug 2013

Background

Indigenous Australians experience significantly disproportionate poorer health outcomes compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts. Despite the recognised importance of maternal infant health (MIH), there is surprisingly little empirical research to guide service redesign that successfully addresses the disparities. This paper reports on a...

Report

27 Oct 2013

This report provides a contemporary international review of established and emerging practice in Europe and the US concerning the use of guarantees to support long-term investment in social and affordable rental housing.

Executive summary

This report is provided at a time when...

Report

3 Oct 2013

This paper develops a case study of the municipal service delivery and Indigenous employment functions of the Centre for Appropriate Technology, across 49 West Kimberley Indigenous settlements.

Summary

This paper presents findings of research on remote Indigenous service delivery and Indigenous employment,...

Report

24 Oct 2013

For students with disability, there are entrenched barriers to receiving an inclusive education in Australia.

Summary

All children in Australia have the right to an inclusive education. However, there are many barriers to the realisation of this right in the lived experience...

Report

25 Oct 2013

This October 2013 edition of Economics Indicators: NSW updates statistical information on key economic indicators, thereby presenting an updated snapshot of the NSW economy and providing relevant points of comparison with other Australian States and Territories.

Statistics are updated to the end of the...

Report

16 Oct 2013

Community organisations are a significant provider of services, including health, education, aged care, social services, and sport and recreational activities. They play an important role in enhancing liveability, and promoting social inclusion and community life.

In 2008, the then government released The Victorian Government’s...

Report

16 Oct 2013

There is a strong relationship between excessive alcohol and other drug (AOD) use with criminal activity and reoffending. Prisoners have poorer levels of physical and mental health than the general population, with excessive AOD use being a primary contributor. Therefore preventing access to AOD while...

Report

24 Oct 2013

This report highlights the unprecedented fiscal challenges that New Zealand politicians will face in coming decades.

The report recommends that:

The government better manages expectations about what New Zealand can afford in the future by mapping out the types of spending and taxation...

Report

24 Oct 2013

After the federal election on 7 September 2013, members elected to serve in the House of Representatives and senators representing the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory will be sworn in on the first sitting day of the 44th Parliament. State senators will be...

Report

24 Oct 2013

Executive summary: This report analyses processes of social change affecting two multicultural suburbs in Melbourne’s north, Coburg and Fawkner, focusing on factors that impact on community cohesion. The Moreland Council (2006, 2011) has identified that national trends of rising housing costs and spikes in unemployment...

Report

25 Oct 2013

Summary

BreastScreen Australia aims to reduce illness and death resulting from breast cancer through organised screening to detect cases of unsuspected breast cancer in women, thus enabling early intervention. BreastScreen Australia targets women aged 50-69 for free 2-yearly screening mammograms.

This report...

Report

23 Oct 2013

Australia will chair the G20 for 12 months from 1 December 2013. It will be the largest international economic meeting ever held in Australia. This paper outlines the strategy, priorities and steps required for the Brisbane G20 summit to be a success – it is...

Journal article

22 Oct 2013

Cost-cutting measures have resulted in possibly the most radical restructuring of New Zealand's foreign service in its history, increasing the importance of informal, or "Track II", diplomacy.

Introduction

The term "Track II diplomacy‟ was coined in 1982 to refer to the methods...

Journal article

22 Oct 2013

The idea of maritime border protection has been prominent in recent Australian political discourse because of its coincidence with asylum seekers arriving at Australian territories by boat. Yet this construct is misleading. There is no maritime “border” and asylum boats, although the current challenge are...

Report

24 Oct 2013

This report presents adult smoking rates at the local level across Australia.

In 2011–12, 2.8 million adults smoked tobacco daily and smoking rates varied across local areas. This report shows that the percentage of adults who smoked daily varied four-fold across local areas, ranging...

Report

24 Oct 2013

This report presents overweight and obesity rates at the local level across Australia.

In 2011–12, 10.8 million adults were either overweight or obese, and of these 4.7 million were obese.

This report shows that the percentage of adults who were obese varied threefold...

Report

21 Oct 2013

This publication contains commissioned essays on the nature of transfers between the national and subnational levels of government in four developed federalist countries: Australia, the United States, Switzerland, and Germany.

Executive summary

One of the constant pressures within countries organized along federalist...

Discussion paper

24 Oct 2013

The Department of Justice has conducted an extensive review of sexual offences in Victoria, and prepared a consultation paper which identifies and analyses the main problems with sexual offence laws.

The consultation paper presents proposals for improving the clarity and effectiveness of these laws,...

Report

13 Oct 2013

Each year during Anti-Poverty Week, Anglicare Australia releases a set of essays from across the Anglicare network that reflect on what we know from our work with people on the margins of society, under the banner of our flagship publication, the State of the Family...

Report

23 Oct 2013

This paper recounts the story of the 2013 media reforms - their introduction, the hurried investigations which attempted to explore their intentions and possible outcomes, and their eventual demise.

Introduction

As a result of an investigation into the British media following allegations...

Report

18 Oct 2013

Overview

The number of Americans ages 16 and older who own tablet computers has grown to 35%, and the share who have e-reading devices like Kindles and Nooks has grown to 24%. Overall, the number of people who have a tablet or an...

Report

21 Oct 2013

This paper presents the results of a United States-wide survey of dating and relationships in the digital era.

Overview

One in ten Americans have used an online dating site or mobile dating app; 66% of these online daters have gone on a...

Journal article

13 Oct 2013

Abstract: Enrollment in online courses has outpaced overall university enrollment for the past several years. The growth of online courses does not appear to be slowing. The purpose of this study was to compare course completion and student academic performance between online and traditional courses....

Report

22 Oct 2013

China Central Television has come a long ways since its founding as a domestic party propaganda outlet in 1958. The domestic service has been supplemented by an international service, boasting three major global offices in Beijing, Washington, and Nairobi, and more than 70 additional international...

Report

22 Oct 2013

This study provides a survey of how the Chinese Communist Party's information control affects the news media beyond mainland China’s borders.

Executive summary

China’s ambassador to the United States urges Bloomberg’s chief editor to withhold a story about Communist Party leader Xi...

Discussion paper

23 Oct 2013

Executive Summary: Australia, as an island continent, is a maritime nation. Our way of life is enabled by the sea.

Our security and prosperity vests in a Navy that can fight and win at sea. For the Navy to be effective, the Australian naval...

Report

22 Oct 2013

This bulletin presents results from the 2012 National Prisoner Health Data Collection (NPHDC), focusing on smoking and smoking cessation behaviours of prisoners in Australia. The decline in smoking rates among the general population seen in the last 20 years has not been mirrored among prisoner...

Report

18 Oct 2013

This report contains eight linked feasibility studies conducted in Cairns during 2010. These exploratory studies examine the complex challenges of compiling and sharing information about incidents of person-to-person violence in a late night entertainment precinct (LNEP). The challenges were methodological as well as logistical and...

Policy

23 Oct 2013

On 15 October 2013, the Government invited submissions on the exposure drafts of bills to repeal the carbon tax and related legislation. These bills were necessary to ensure that the carbon tax will no longer apply from 1 July 2014.

In addition to exposure...

Journal article

14 Oct 2013

Abstract: Cloud storage is an emerging challenge to digital forensic examiners. The services are increasingly used by consumers, business, and government, and can potentially store large amounts of data. The retrieval of digital evidence from cloud storage services (particularly from offshore providers) can be a...

Conference paper

13 Oct 2013

Abstract: With increasing popularity of smart mobile devices such as iOS devices, security and privacy concerns have emerged as a salient area of inquiry. A relatively under-studied area is anti-mobile forensics to prevent or inhibit forensic investigations. In this paper, we propose a "Concealment" technique...

Report

20 Oct 2013

Executive summary: Monographs still play an important role in scholarly communication, particularly in the Humanities and Social Sciences. The availability of publication outlets for research monographs is crucial to the careers of researchers and to research assessment opportunities for universities with departments in those disciplines....

Report

23 Oct 2013

More than half a million or one in four Australian households now have a female as their major breadwinner - 140,000 more households that 10 years ago.

The proportion of families with both parents working has risen dramatically, with 58 per cent of all...

Report

22 Oct 2013

This paper examines the distribution of decision-making powers under the proposed reforms to the New South Wales planning system, with particular reference to Ministerial discretionary powers, development assessment, and appeals.

Summary

In April 2013 the Government of NSW released a White Paper...

Report

23 Oct 2013

The review of NSW’s 33-year-old planning system has involved unprecedented consultation, receiving just under 5000 submissions on the White Paper and Exposure Bills.

Executive Summary: In April 2013, the White Paper and Exposure Bills were released for consultation, building on the outcomes of the...

Report

23 Oct 2013

Description

This project looked at transfers in three jurisdictions (New South Wales, Tasmania and Victoria) and involved in-depth interviews with stakeholders and focus groups with former public housing tenants that transferred to not-for-profit landlords.

Between 1995 and 2012, 21 279 dwellings were...

Report

15 Oct 2013

This report details Victoria's Sentencing Advisory Council's work, delivery of outputs and financial management for the year.

Functions

The Sentencing Advisory Council is an independent statutory body that was established in July 2004 under Part 9A of the Sentencing Act 1991 (Vic)....

Report

18 Oct 2013

The 2013 Australian School Library Survey, conducted by Softlink on behalf of the Australian School Library industry, examines key trends and issues impacting school libraries. Key analysis includes annual school library budgets, staffing levels in Australian school libraries and the relationship of budgets and staffing...

Report

30 Jun 2013

Executive summary

Brief overview of the project

The objectives of this ‘Disability Audit’ (‘the study’) were to:

Provide a comprehensive snapshot of permanent disability in the nominated very remote Indigenous communities. Examine the current capacity of each community to provide...

Discussion paper

30 Sep 2013

Plans to dismantle the National Curriculum levels in the UK are integral to the latest round of educational reforms – heralding one of the most fundamental changes to England’s assessment system for many years. At the same time, greater responsibilities for schools in tracking and...

Report

23 Oct 2013

This report examines the role interactive entertainment plays in Australian households.

Foreword

We began national studies of computer game audiences in 2005 to widen the conversation about games and tackle stereotypes that prevented an understanding in the wider community that computer games...

Audio

21 Oct 2013

What effect is the seemingly unstoppable advance of social media, and in particular Twitter, having on world events? How it is shaping war and peace and how we think and what we do?

The Taliban use twitter so does the al-Shabaab militia in Somalia....

Audio

11 Oct 2013

Tim Duggan and Dan Ilic discuss native advertising, the latest buzz in marketing, described by Tim as as a highly evolved cousin of advertorial and sponsored content.

Report

21 Oct 2013

This research report examines the underutilisation of the skills of migrants in regional areas, particularly women who are often the spouse of a primary applicant but are also skilled in their own right. It considers the interplay of the regional labour market, support services for...

Report

21 Oct 2013

This paper seeks to provide a guide to better understand: what is expertise, how to determine who are the relevant experts where it comes to the technical aspects of public policy debates, and how to go about choosing between competing expert claims.

Executive...

Report

21 Oct 2013

This Strategic Insights looks at the range of Australian objectives in Antarctica, the assumptions that underpin those goals, and the options open for us to best achieve our aims. It’s hoped that this report will inform those responsible for formulating and implementing our Antarctic policies....

Report

21 Oct 2013

Indigenous people in south-east Australia have developed strategies and theories around the allocation of cultural water and the broader notion of ‘cultural flows’ in response to two key triggers: the poor environmental health of the inland river country and the historic and contemporary failure of...

Briefing paper

3 Sep 2013

New Zealand Prime Minister Key is treading cautiously on the question of whether New Zealand should support a military strike on Syria. He has spoken to United Nations Secretary, General Ban Ki-­Moon and New Zealand diplomats have been briefed by United States officials. The Prime...

Report

22 Oct 2013

The personal services income (PSI) regime is one of many taxation measures administered by the Australian Taxation Office (ATO), Australia’s principal revenue collection agency with responsibility for administering Australia’s taxation and superannuation systems. In 2011––12, the ATO collected $301 billion in net revenue from taxpayers,...

Report

21 Oct 2013

Introduction: Queensland is a great state with great opportunities, but not everyone benefits from the opportunities on offer. There are thousands of people within Queensland who experience poverty and disadvantage on a day-to-day basis. This situation is concentrated in particular areas and among particular groups,...

Journal article

4 Sep 2013

ABSTRACT: This article investigates young children’s interactions with their teachers following the Christchurch earthquakes in New Zealand in September 2010 and February 2011. Drawing on conversation analysis and psychological literature, we focus on one outdoor excursion to visit a water pipe broken by the earthquake...

Report

18 Oct 2013

Emergency department presentations increased by 4.0% on average each year between 2008-09 and 2012-13, this report finds.

ow many emergency department presentations were there?

More than 6.7 million emergency department presentations were reported by public hospital emergency departments in 2012-13, corresponding to...

Report

9 Oct 2013

This report argues that regulators can do more to reduce the compliance and enforcement burdens they impose on small businesses.

Key points:

Small businesses feel the burden of regulation more strongly than other businesses. Almost universally, their lack of staff, time and...

Report

30 Sep 2013

This paper examines how financial constraints in the United States are affecting its effort to 'rebalance' towards Asia and the implication for Australia.

Executive summary

Western military spending has stabilised and in some cases declined after a period of rapid growth over...

Report

9 Oct 2013

Executive summary

Regional institutions have been created not only to socialise China, but also to legitimise the United States’ continuing role in East Asia. East Asian regionalism poses a limited challenge to the US-led global order. There remains significant regional demand...

Report

21 Oct 2013

Executive summary

This report presents the findings of the sixth Scanlon Foundation Mapping Social Cohesion national survey, conducted in July 2013. The report builds on the knowledge gained through the five earlier Scanlon Foundation national surveys (2007, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012) which...

Report

16 Oct 2013

This report argues that returning highly treated wastewater directly into Australia's drinking water supply could have considerable economic and environmental benefits.

Report

18 Oct 2013

This report outlines a framework of the overall process of prioritising targets for biological control and includes a decision support tool that enables policy makers to determine whether biological control is a suitable option for a proposed target species.

Report

18 Oct 2013

This report proposes a Centre for Land Use and Land Resources to conduct an Australian program of work on agricultural land use and food security analysis, linked to international efforts.

Summary

Internationally, food security and the sustainability of productive land resources have...

Report

20 Oct 2013

This report argues that government tax and welfare policies, by favouring homeowners and property investors over people who rent, are increasing the divide between Australians who own housing and those who do not.

Overview

Housing policy in Australia is overdue for a...

Report

21 Oct 2013

Victorians with a disability or mental illness are increasingly finding they have no place to call home, according to Community Visitors' latest annual report.

Community Visitors are independent volunteers who safeguard the interests of people with a disability. The Community Visitors Program is part...

Report

16 Oct 2013

The PACMAS State of Media and Communication Report 2013 was undertaken through a partnership between RMIT University (Australia), the University of Goroka (Papua New Guinea) and UNITEC (New Zealand). The research for this report was developed and undertaken between June 2012 and April 2013 across...

Commentary

17 Oct 2013

EXACTLY sixty years ago, at just twenty-two years of age, Rupert Murdoch joined the board of the Adelaide-based newspaper company, News Limited, and set about creating first one powerful media company, and more recently two, in which he continues to play central roles. Murdoch has...

Journal article

28 Sep 2013

Much of the conceptual space occupied by Justice Reinvestment theory suggests clear links with the theoretical framework of Social Inclusion and therein understandings of the social determinants of health. This article seeks to explore this mutually interested and unified relationship, and furthermore examine how their...

Report

13 Oct 2013

Australia will face problems funding its public hospital and other publicly funded health services if cost increases continue at the current rate in the context of ever-increasing use and an ageing population. The challenges of sustainably financing the cost of health will be exacerbated by...

Report

16 Oct 2013

Entry into residential aged care can be challenging, with its changes to routine, loss of independence and physical relocation to a new environment. The presence of depression adds to this. Depression is a serious but manageable condition that can affect a person's quality of life,...

Report

17 Oct 2013

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common and serious problem in Australia and its management can be resource intensive. Those with CKD's most severe form, end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), usually require kidney replacement therapy (KRT) to survive, either in the form of dialysis or kidney...

Report

10 Oct 2013

Overview

Over the past four years, the percent of American adult internet users who upload or post videos online has doubled from 14% in 2009 to 31% today. That includes 18% of adult internet users who post videos they have created or recorded...

Book

14 Oct 2013

Professionalism is arguably more important in some occupations than in others. It is vital in some because of the life and death decisions that must be made, for example in medicine. In others the rapidly changing nature of the occupation makes efficient regulation difficult and...

Journal article

29 Aug 2013

Abstract

Among the numerous areas of education which have been impacted by technology, the growth of reading texts from computer screens is one of the most widespread. This trend is perhaps most evident at universities with academic journal articles increasing being stored and...

Video

4 Oct 2013

Do the ADF really hate the Australian media? Are journalists only looking for access to battlefields so they can, "sniff out scandal, smear and slander"? It's one view from within the ADF. But it's a lot more complicated and nuanced than that.

Chris...

Chapter

7 Oct 2013

This paper examines what social media mining methods and tools are on offer, how they should best be used, and what sorts of ethical issues are raised by their use.

Introduction

The ongoing production of staggeringly huge volumes of digital data is...

Report

15 Oct 2013

This report identifies the characteristics of older Victorians most likely to use digital technologies compared to those at risk of being socially excluded as a result of not having access.

Introduction

Australia has an ageing population due to declining fertility rates and...

Report

16 Oct 2013

This report provides information on the value of Victorian and Australian food and fibre exports. The report is prepared by the Trade and Investment Branch and is focused on export performance by industry and key export markets for the 2008-09 to 2012-13 financial years....

Report

16 Oct 2013

Recognising the need for a respite service which provides real support and reassurance for carers of people with dementia, Brotherhood of St Laurence Aged Services devised the Short Break Stay program at the Banksia Community Respite Centre. There is clear evidence that the program, which...

Dataset

14 Oct 2013

This release contains data for secured and unsecured housing finance commitments for owner occupation, commitments for construction or purchase of dwellings for rent or resale, and loan outstandings to individuals/households for housing.

Journal article

13 Oct 2013

Abstract:

Qualitative research into the everyday information-seeking practices of eight diverse households in the City of Melbourne, Australia permitted insights into the variability in dynamics around information practices. The current study combines an information practice approach to information-seeking with finer detail on use of...

Video

14 Oct 2013

The Invisible Wheelchair . That's the title given to this session at the Brisbane Writers Festival . It best describes the autism spectrum disorder. It's considered to be a disorder that comes with an 'invisible wheelchair'.

This discussion covers autism, but also spreads...

Website

City Journal Online is produced by RMIT journalism students and run in conjunction with its sister-publication, City Journal newspaper.

To develop the site, students in the 2008 Online Journalism Production class undertook a comprehensive analysis of other student and professional news sites. Their...

Report

1 Oct 2013

Abstract: Michael Bloomberg assumed office as the 108th mayor of New York City on January 1, 2002. As he leaves the mayoralty—having won re-election twice—his public health legacy is bitterly contested. The public health community views him as an urban innovator—a rare political and...

Journal article

4 Sep 2013

Abstract

A series of severe weather events in Queensland during 2010 and 2011 and a greater interest in national security have catalogued a renewed government interest in ensuring that Australians understand the risks and take proactive measures to prepare for disasters. The Living...

Report

15 Jun 2013

This report examines current and emerging threats posed to children in the United Kingdom from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse and also threats to children abroad from UK nationals, with a focus on online activity.

Introduction

Aim & scope

1....

Journal article

16 Sep 2013

Abstract

Consorting laws have piqued the attention of Australian legislatures. In the last year alone, two states have re-enacted these offences, which criminalise repeated association with criminals. Such measures, though, have a pedigree stretching over seven centuries. This article offers an historical analysis...

Report

14 Oct 2013

This is the first in a series of three reports, which will use comparative research to explore how leading jurisdictions attract and retain world class teaching talent, and how these policies can be applied to New Zealand.

Executive Summary: The greatest asset...

Audio

8 Oct 2013

Films, TV shows, books and music—we consume them all in droves but how many actually pay for it? As soon as something is released and sometimes even before it’s launched a pirated copy is out there on the internet. It’s exasperating for those who successfully...

Report

18 Sep 2013

This paper reports on community and public servants’ perceptions of corruption in Victoria.

Introduction

The public service is critical to the lives of every Victorian, providing front line social, health, justice and emergency services and transport and other infrastructure that supports our...

Report

8 Oct 2013

This paper uses data from the 2011 Census to look at the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the Indigenous population in 43 regional centres.

Report

11 Oct 2013

Abstract

CAEPR has a tradition of producing indices of Indigenous socioeconomic outcomes to support the work of Indigenous peoples and organisations in advocating for improved resources based on relative need, as well as of governments in targeting services where they will have the...

Report

12 Oct 2013

This report shows an increase in overall poverty between 2000-01 and 2011-12 in spite of a strongly growing Australian economy. The report details poverty rates by a range of important household types such as family type, state, unemployed households and the age of the youngest...

Report

11 Oct 2013

This report shows that an outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease in Australia is expected to generate very large adverse economic impacts to both producers and other industries inside and beyond the outbreak area; with financial losses and eradication activities also having social impacts....

Report

11 Oct 2013

This report provides the latest available information on national land use and land use change in Australia.

Summary

Land use describes the purposes assigned to land. It refers to the purpose for which the land is committed. It is fundamental to understanding...

Report

14 Oct 2013

This report looks at the desire among states for greater control over the digital domain. It considers the convergence of controlling desires among the major cyberpowers and examines some of the main dynamics of the Russian and Chinese positions. Their positions are examined relative to...

Briefing paper

14 Oct 2013

This briefing is ASPI’s distillation of the thoughts of a group of prominent members of the Australian cybersecurity community. We held a workshop in Canberra on the key panel sessions that will take place at the Seoul Conference on Cyberspace, South Korea, in October 2013....

Dataset

9 Oct 2013

This release presents supplementary information to that already published under this catalogue number from the 2011-12 Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC).

Report

10 Oct 2013

This review is intended to provide an authoritative, up-to-date account of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease among Indigenous people.

Preface

This review of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease among Indigenous Australians has been prepared by the Australian Indigenous...

Report

10 Oct 2013

This review is intended to provide an authoritative, up-to-date account of ear health and hearing of Indigenous people that is both a valuable overview for people working in the area and assists in the development/refinement of policies, strategies and programs.

Preface

This...

Report

11 Oct 2013

This report is a compilation of the latest available Victorian cancer statistics.

Key messages:

Incidence

Cancer is a leading cause of disease burden in Victoria with an average of 80 new diagnoses every day. In 2012, 29,387 Victorians were diagnosed...

Working paper

30 Sep 2013

Abstract

The extent to which exogenous international agricultural price fluctuations are internalised by rural communities is of major interest for policy-makers concerned with regional economic performance. So too is the link between rural sector performance and urban outcomes, especially in agriculturally-based economies. Through...

Discussion paper

8 Oct 2013

Executive summary: The global deployment of IP networks and the digitisation of content and communications have implications for the way that communications is regulated in Australia and internationally. Digitisation has created more complex, elongated and global supply chains that challenge traditional national approaches to regulation....

Report

8 Oct 2013

In 2012, the Australian Communications and Media Authority (the ACMA) commissioned a national telephone survey with 1,500 Australians aged 18 years and over and four focus group discussions also conducted with adults. Part of this research examined Australians’ awareness of possible threats from malware (malicious...

Report

9 Oct 2013

The Anglosphere—shorthand for the Anglo-American sphere of influence—established the concept and structure of the modern transnational community and remains salient in contemporary international relations.

For Australia, the Anglosphere provides a framework for continued prosperity through strong trade and political favours between those within its...

Report

10 Oct 2013

Thirty years ago, the Soviet Union and the United States stood on the brink of nuclear war. The Communist Party leadership in Moscow was convinced that Washington was about to launch a pre-emptive nuclear strike, which would require a massive nuclear response.

Like most...

Report

10 Oct 2013

This paper provides an overview of data about the national response of the health and welfare system to the mental health care needs of Australians.

Introduction

Mental health services in Australia is an interactive website that provides national data about how...

Report

10 Oct 2013

This paper deals with infrastructure financing, combatting tax evasion and avoidance, fighting corruption and global energy governance. The question being explored in each area is ‘where can the G20 add value?'

Key findings:

The key to facilitating greater investment in infrastructure is...

Report

8 Oct 2013

Australia’s new government must make tough decisions in defence policy. Australia’s broad national interests and the challenging strategic environment in Indo-Pacific Asia make it essential to modernise the Australian Defence Force. The nation’s defence capabilities remain underfunded and its strategic edge in the region is...

Report

27 Aug 2013

Key findings include:

$55.1 billion cost to the Australian economy, including direct health costs, lost productivity and reduced quality of life 6.1 million Australians already affected, of which 58% are of working age in peak income earning years (25-64 years) 43% growth in...

Report

9 Oct 2013

This report argues that the rapid proliferation of new districts in Papua is strengthening the political influence of highlanders at the expense of the traditionally dominant coast, but it is also producing new conflicts and complicating the search for peace.

Introduction

The...

Report

10 Oct 2013

This white paper examines the outcomes of a trial of Internet Protocol Television (IPTV), which was tested as an educational platform by the Melbourne Dental School at the University of Melbourne.

It is often very difficult for students and those wishing to engage in...

Discussion paper

25 Sep 2013

Executive summary: Australia’s employment service system delivers unemployment-related assistance to approximately 1.6m Australians annually. These services are delivered through Jobs Services Australia (JSA) by more than 100 contracted providers at more than 2,000 sites across Australia. This crucial support is enabled through the large investment...

Report

30 Jul 2013

Knight Foundation has supported nearly a dozen open contests, reviewed almost 25,000 applications and chosen more than 400 winning ideas. This report discusses what the Foundation has learnt from this experience about how good contests work, what they can do, and what the challenges are.

Dataset

8 Oct 2013

Contains details of internet activity supplied by all Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in Australia. It includes information on internet subscribers and their type of connection, the type of user (business/household), the volume of data downloaded, the speed of the internet connection and the location of...

Report

3 Oct 2013

Freedom on the Net 2013 is the fourth report in a series of comprehensive studies of internet freedom around the globe and covers developments in 60 countries that occurred between May 2012 and April 2013. Over 60 researchers, nearly all based in the countries they...

Briefing paper

8 Oct 2013

Executive summary: Fragile states are an increasing priority for international diplomatic and development attention. The media – defined here as both traditional and digital media – is being transformed in most fragile states. Such transformations are unleashing unprecedented democratic energy, with profound political and social...

Journal article

10 Oct 2013

Abstract:

The promise of ‘big data’ has generated a significant deal of interest in the development of new approaches to research in the humanities and social sciences, as well as a range of important critical interventions which warn of an unquestioned rush to...

Report

8 Oct 2013

This report continues a series of longitudinal studies involving the tracking of a workforce of Australian heavy vehicle drivers involved in accidents, since 1998. The research focuses on primary data reviewing major heavy truck crases managed by NTI with an aggregate cost greater than (>)...

Report

8 Oct 2013

This report finds that doctors reported substantially higher rates of psychological distress and attempted suicide compared to both the Australian population and other Australian professionals.

Video

27 Sep 2013

Dennis Altman reflects on decades of cultural and political change, both local and global, and considers the future of sexuality: is this the end of the homosexual that gay liberationists predicted 40 years ago?

Homosexuality has become a faultline for debates about western influence...

Audio

26 Sep 2013

They’ve been described as the iTunes of higher education, and while it may be a clumsy or clunky acronym, Massive Online Open Courses, or MOOC’s, are poised to transform the way Australian universities operate. They’re not only popular, but have made education accessible on a...

Report

31 Jul 2013

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are leading the greatest upheaval in university education since the advent of the printing press according to a new report co-authored by chief operating officer and research associate at the Centre Dr Sean Gallagher , together with the Dean of...

Policy

9 Oct 2013

Plan Melbourne is the Victorian Government’s vision for the city to 2050.

It provides us with a clear vision for our future that responds to the challenges of population growth, driving economic prosperity and liveability, while protecting our environment and heritage.

For the...

Report

7 Oct 2013

Executive summary

This report presents the outcomes of a research project conducted by the Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute (AHURI) RMIT Research Centre on the way a significant proportion of new suburban detached housing is built in Australia. The report examines the...

Report

3 Oct 2013

This report examines the intense debate about the rights of countries or communities to restrict content viewed as blasphemous or objectionable in their cultures and how this is affecting the international news media landscape.

The ability of individuals to openly speak their minds is...

Report

7 Oct 2013

More work needs to be done to support people living with mental illness to sustain social housing tenancies, argues this report.

The paper explores the difficulties people with mental illness face accessing and maintaining social housing. The difficulties it identifies include:

poor customer...

Report

31 Jul 2013

This paper outlines the key findings and themes from a consultation project exploring the experiences and difficulties faced by people who have recently exited the prison system into situations of housing crisis or homelessness.

Introduction

In 2012 the Homeless Persons’ Legal Service...

Report

4 Sep 2013

Purpose

This report presents forecasts to 2015 for labour supply, working age population and labour force participation rates. The report describes the methodology and the conceptual framework for the forecasting process. These are designed to enable annual updates.

The forecast methodology is...

Report

2 Sep 2013

Purpose

This report summarises key indicators of migration trends for the 2012/13 financial year (1 July 2012 through 30 June 2013). The report focuses on three areas:

Migration flows New Zealand Residence Programme (NZRP) Temporary visa entry

and includes information from the...

Report

30 Aug 2013

This report identifies indicator species, which need to be monitored to help achieve biodiversity targets in New Zealand.

Abstract

The New Zealand Department of Conservation (DOC) has recently developed an Inventory and Monitoring Framework to measure progress towards biodiversity targets. It adopts...

Report

30 Mar 2013

Abstract

We assessed the landscape-scale effect of predation pressure from trout on the population integrity and distributions of non-diadromous galaxiids in high-country streams of the South Island, New Zealand. The effects of trout (brown trout, Salmo trutta , and rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss...

Report

4 Oct 2013

Summary

How much elective surgery was there in 2012-13?

In 2012-13, Australia's public hospitals admitted about 673,000 patients from elective surgery waiting lists (as either elective or emergency admissions).

Almost 1 in 4 of these patients was admitted for General...

Report

4 Oct 2013

The paper provides background information on private health insurance arrangements, as well as the challenges emerging from increasing rates of chronic disease, and discusses the role of Broader Health Cover.

Introduction

In 2007, a series of major reforms to private health insurance...

Report

3 Oct 2013

This audit assessed whether the NSW Department of Education and Communities manages the supply, availability and performance of casual teachers effectively.

Executive summary

Background

Over 60,000 people teach in 2,223 NSW Government schools. All government school teachers must be approved...

Report

25 Sep 2013

The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a resilience training program designed specifically to help new-recruit police officers mitigate stress reactions and the use of drugs and alcohol.

Background

Exposure to traumatic or stressful events has for some time...

Report

7 May 2013

This bulletin presents the results of a research project evaluating the impact of prohibitions on public drinking in three local government areas in New South Wales.

Introduction

Policies that restrict the spaces in which alcohol can be consumed are now widely implemented...

Discussion paper

4 Oct 2013

This consultation paper contains a detailed analysis of the operation of defensive homicide. This includes an examination of the 28 defensive homicide convictions since the introduction of the offence, three of which involved a female accused.

Report

30 Jul 2013

This paper explores the patterns of underemployment for mature aged workers in Australia, and seeks in particular to determine the principal factors that contribute to a heightened risk of underemployment.

Abstract

Underemployment is a serious and pervasive problem both in terms of...

Journal article

6 Aug 2013

Abstract

Objective : This study examined whether a wellbeing approach to resilience and adaptation would provide practical insights for prioritizing support to communities experiencing environmental and socio-economic stressors.

Methods : A cross-sectional survey, based on a purposive sample of 2,196...

Report

25 Apr 2013

This report has been written as an educative and evidenced based document to inform the people responsible for the rollout and sustainability of DisabilityCare Australia (National Disabilities Insurance Scheme or NDIS) concerning the needs of Carers and Families of people with Tier 3 mental health...

Report

30 Jun 2013

This report summarises and evaluates a program of preventive multi-micronutrient supplementation, peer-counselling and nutrition promotion that was piloted in six remote northern Australian Aboriginal communities.

Introduction

The Early Childhood Nutrition and Anaemia Prevention Project (ECNAPP) was implemented in six remote communities, four...

Report

2 Sep 2013

This paper provides a conceptual framework for the evaluation of telehealth implementations in Australia, and also provides an evidence base that illustrates the current state of telehealth evaluation on an international scale.

Executive summary

This paper was produced as part of a...

Report

16 Sep 2013

Nearly two thirds of US cell phone owners use their phone to go online, and one in five cell owners do most of their online browsing on their phone.

These are findings from a national telephone survey conducted April 17-May 19, 2013 among 2,252...

Report

19 Sep 2013

Overview

Fully 91% of American adults own a cell phone and many use the devices for much more than phone calls. In our most recent nationally representative survey, we checked in on some of the most popular activities people perform on their cell...

Report

25 Sep 2013

Overview

As of May 2013, 15% of American adults ages 18 and older do not use the internet or email.

Asked why they do not use the internet:

34% of non-internet users think the internet is just not relevant to them,...

Report

1 Oct 2013

This report describes an exploratory study on various aspects and risks to stability in foster and kinship placements.

The report finds that compared to foster care, risks to placement stability are more evident for kinship care. Kinship carers (predominantly grandparents) are older and few...

Report

20 Sep 2013

Abstract

In light of the recent PRISM-related revelations, this briefing note analyses the impact of US surveillance programmes on European citizens’ rights. The note explores the scope of surveillance that can be carried out under the US FISA Amendment Act 2008, and related...

Conference proceedings

2 Oct 2013

Introduction

The papers included here were initially presented at a conference on the South China Sea held on 28 March 2013 and sponsored by the National Security College, at the Australian National University, Canberra. The stimulus for the workshop was concern over the...

Report

3 Oct 2013

This report brings together the most up-to-date data available from a wide range of sources to describe the status of cancer in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia.

Summary

C ancer in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of...

Policy

3 Oct 2013

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young people have the confidence, skills and knowledge to make a valuable contribution — socially, culturally and economically — to the wellbeing of their families and communities and to all Queenslanders.

Purpose Aboriginal and Torres Strait...

Report

3 Oct 2013

Drawing on the statistical tables featured in the 32nd edition of the Parliamentary Handbook, this paper examines the biographical details of the senators and members of Australia's 43rd Parliament.

Introduction

In recent years, academics and media commentators have documented the rise of...

Book

27 Sep 2013

During the Second World War, Australia maintained a super-secret organisation, the Diplomatic (or `D’) Special Section, dedicated to breaking Japanese diplomatic codes. The Section has remained officially secret as successive Australian Governments have consistently refused to admit that Australia ever intercepted diplomatic communications, even in...

Discussion paper

30 Sep 2013

Government and public service delivery is taking place in a changed world. A significant level of social, economic and political activity is now happening on the internet. As people buy and sell goods, search for information, browse the web and share their day–to–day experiences with...

Report

1 Oct 2013

This staff research note describes the uses and abuses of input-output tables, with the aim of improving future utility of what is an important but sometimes misused resource. In doing so, the note examines a number of novel approaches to effective use and some examples...

Journal article

6 Sep 2013

Introduction

How might mixing the sexes affect the capability of small combat teams? As Australia integrates women into its combat arms, the policy challenges that sexuality presents may prove more enduring than those of gender. Objections to integration based on women’s capabilities are...

Report

30 Jun 2013

Australia is the only high income country where trachoma is endemic. It occurs primarily in remote and very remote Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory (NT), South Australia (SA) and Western Australia (WA). In 2008, cases were also found in New South Wales (NSW) and...

Report

30 Jul 2013

Background

The majority of new HIV diagnoses in Australia are in gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM). Providing accessible, appropriate and acceptable sexual health services is essential as a significant proportion of MSM are not testing for HIV...

Audio

1 Oct 2013

Cathy McGowan might have won Indi, but what happens next? Peter Clarke talks to political scientist Brian Costar about how independent MPs fare in rural Australia and why the voters of Indi are likely to return Ms McGowan at the next federal election. And this...

Video

30 Sep 2013

One of the biggest (and most beloved) names in Australian political journalism shares his in-depth post-mortem of the 2013 federal election. Drawing equally on history and the nation’s most recent events, revered ABC TV journalist and presenter Kerry O’Brien – of Lateline , the 7.30...

Report

30 Sep 2013

This study examined the question of to what extent Indigenous housing access and tenancy sustainment are influenced by the alignment between different forms of conditionality and Indigenous cultural norms, including family and community obligations.

Executive summary

Purpose of the study...

Report

30 Aug 2013

Abstract

NATSEM’s quarterly Household Budget Report introduces new national measures of cost of living and standard of living for Australian households. The report broadens the cost of living debate by the inclusion of household incomes into a new standard of living index....

Book

30 Sep 2013

Abstract: The case studies in this booklet illustrate the creative ways in which Australian schools are responding to local needs by establishing and building partnerships with community organisations and businesses. These partnerships have been formed to share resources, both human and material. They are...

Report

28 Aug 2013

Non-technical summary

This study has examined the factors that contribute to homelessness in Australia; identified some indicators that are associated with these risk factors; and then used these indicators to identify a ‘risk of homelessness’ index. This index can then be used to...

Report

2 Oct 2013

The launch of the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) on 1 July 2013, heralded the start of a new era for people with disability in Australia.

PricewaterhouseCoopers and the Summer Foundation have been collaborating to undertake a projection of people aged under 65 living...

Report

1 Oct 2013

This report examines health services, Aboriginal community controlled and non-community controlled health organisations, funded by the Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health.

Summary

Primary health care

In 2011-12, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary health-care services, funded by...

Report

30 Sep 2013

This report examines the trajectory of the Syrian conflict in the wake of the Russian and US agreement to eliminate Syria's chemical weapons.

It argues that while that agreement, enshrined in Security Council Resolution 2118, may remove a pernicious class of weapons from the...

Report

30 Sep 2013

This paper provides a preliminary analysis of the nature and scope of the Australian antiquities market.

Introduction

The illicit antiquities trade, especially concerning smaller, portable artefacts deliberately stolen from archaeological sites, temples and museums, remains the greatest threat to the global archaeological...

Report

30 Sep 2013

This report argues that it is extremely likely that human influence has been the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century.

This is an an unedited version of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Working Group I contribution to the Fifth...

Report

30 Sep 2013

With rapid changes in telecommunications technology comes concern about inequalities opening up between those who have access to the information and other benefits new telecommunications technology transfers and those who do not.

Anglicare Victoria’s Hardship Survey 2013 focussed on the affordability and accessibility of...

Report

1 Oct 2013

This publication examines the relationship between disability due to a mental health condition and crime victimisation, and how this relationship varies across different sociodemographic groups.

Introduction

Mental health and crime are two major areas of social concern for the Australian community and...

Report

19 Sep 2013

This paper provides an overview of organisations and arts projects VicHealth supports and explores the role of arts in Aboriginal culture and the associated positive health impacts.

Introduction

Engagement with the arts can have powerful impacts on health, wellbeing and the strengthening...

Report

17 Sep 2013

This publication examines the issues underlying the change in Census counts for people identifying as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander origin from the 2006 Census to 2011 Census and attempts to quantify elements of this increase.

It provides an analysis of key demographic factors...

Report

27 Mar 2013

This paper describes teacher strategies and experiences with interactive whiteboards (IWBs) and draws on the published research in this area to understand how a systemic approach to technology-based innovations in schools can contribute to quality education for all. It explores ways to support the cultural...