There are too many Australians who are homeless, living without shelter or a place to call home. Young people make up some 42 per cent of the Australian homeless population. Having no safe and secure accommodation can make everyday activities such as attending secondary school, engaging in further training, or getting a job difficult in the extreme. The choices many young homeless people make, in order to cope or survive the homeless experience, may put them at further risk of harm. We need to know more about the impacts of homelessness, about the experiences and lives of young people and about the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of homelessness programs if we are to better respond to the needs of young homeless people.