Exploring the Acceptability and Accessibility of the Incredible Years Parenting Programme for Pasifika Peoples

Parenting Pasifika Pacific people New Zealand
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The development of parent training programmes has become one of the most widely utilised and cost effective means of prevention and treatment for problematic child behaviours and parenting practices. To date there has been limited research regarding the effectiveness of these programmes for Pasifika people. This study explored the acceptability and accessibility of the Incredible Years Parenting Programme for Pasifika people living in New Zealand. Interviews were conducted with 16 Pasifika parents who had completed the programme, and nine trained facilitators of whom the majority were also Pasifika. A thematic analysis of the data identified six themes and related subthemes. The analysis revealed that the general principles of the Incredible Years programme were considered to be universal and therefore relevant for Pasifika people. However, care was needed to translate programme content in meaningful ways that recognised and integrated Pasifika peoples’ values and beliefs, characteristics and qualities. Pasifika people were considered more likely to engage in programmes that are facilitated by other Pasifika people, and there is perhaps a need for both pan-Pacific and ethnic-specific programmes. Interviewees also recommended that cultural adaptations would increase the overall acceptability and accessibility of the Incredible Years programme. Practical and psychological barriers may hinder initial engagement, such as problems with transport and child care, and stigma associated with attending a parenting programme. The implications for future development of the Incredible Years programme with Pasifika people are discussed.

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