SettleMEN was a descriptive longitudinal study that used a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods and a peer interviewer research model. Eligible participants were male, aged 18 years and over, recent humanitarian arrivals to Australia (between 2004 and 2008), and living in the greater Brisbane metropolitan area or in the Toowoomba–Gatton region of South East Queensland. The study used a quota sampling technique to ensure that participants were representative of the overall population of refugee men settled in those areas between 2004 and 2008, at least in terms of age and region of birth. Nine peer interviewers recruited participants through their own community networks. The study consisted of a baseline and three follow-up surveys administered at six-month intervals. In addition, a semi-structured qualitative interview was conducted over the last year of data collection with a sub-sample of 28 participants. These interviews aimed at exploring in more detail participants’ experiences of health and settlement.