Health is a key component of individual and social wellbeing. Furthermore, the health of a population is a key driver of labour and capital investment and consequent economic growth. Good health can lead to higher gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in the long run due to its impact on population; participation; and productivity. Health outcomes are primarily determined by bio medical, lifestyle and socio economic factors, but there is evidence that the level of health care resources also affects health outcomes. The efficiency with which health care resources are used will determine the extent to which health outcomes are enhanced. This article analyses health and its contribution to economic growth and provides a broad framework for the consideration of health care policies.