The Solomon Islands Government (SIG) is committed to achieving universal access to education up to year nine level by 2015. However, the Solomon Islands experienced a period of ethnic tension followed by civil conflict and a breakdown in governance in 2006. This unrest, in conjunction with natural disasters and growth in school enrolments has placed strain on national childhood education infrastructure. In response, the Ministry of Education and Human Resource Development (MEHRD) has undertaken a number of infrastructure development programmes. The New Zealand Aid Programme has been the major donor of these initiatives with additional European Union funding provided in 2009.
This review was undertaken to identify and assess the different methodologies used across the various school infrastructure projects, and to consider which methods provide the most appropriate approach to implementation for effective development. The following criteria were used for assessment:
Relevance or the extent to which educational aims were achieved, and the wider impacts of these achievements.
Effectiveness or the extent to which the infrastructure implementation methodology enabled the co-ordination of central and provincial authorities.
Efficiency in terms of time and cost, and, the sustainability of the methodology.
The extent of community involvement in the project, and degree of provision made to ensure equity access to education for minorities.