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Journal article

Passive and active cooling for the outdoor built environment

Analysis and assessment of the cooling potential of mitigation technologies using performance data from 220 large scale projects

19 Dec 2016
Description

Local and global climate change increases the ambient temperature of cities by several degrees with important consequences on energy consumption, health and the economy. Advanced urban mitigation technologies contribute to decrease the ambient temperature and counterbalance the impact of urban heat islands. The present paper analyses and presents in a comparative way the mitigation potential of the known mitigation technologies using performance data from about 220 real scale urban rehabilitation projects. The average and peak temperature drop of reflective technologies, greenery, evaporative systems, earth to air heat exchangers and their combinations is calculated and presented. The mitigation potential of the main systems like cool roofs, cool pavements, green roofs, urban trees, pools and ponds, sprinklers, fountains, and evaporative towers, is analysed. It is found that the potential of the main mitigation technologies is considerable and can counterbalance UHI effects partly or fully. The average peak temperature drop calculated for all projects is close to 2 K, while the corresponding decrease of the average ambient temperature is close to 0.74 K. Almost 31% of the analysed projects resulted in a peak temperature drop below 1 K, 62% below 2 K, 82% below 3 K and 90% below 4 K.

Highlights: 

  • The average peak temperature drop from mitigation techniques is close to 2 K.
  • The decrease of the average ambient temperature is close to 0.74 K.
  • Almost 31% of the projects resulted in a peak temperature drop below 1 K and 62% below 2 K

Keywords: Passive cooling; Mitigation technologies; Urban heat island; Evaporative technologies; Urban greenery; Cool materials; Earth to air heat exchangers

Publication Details
Identifiers: 
DOI: 
10.1016/j.solener.2016.12.006
ISSN: 
0038-092X
Volume: 
154
Issue: 
2017
Pagination: 
14-33
Access Rights Type: 
Paid subscription required
Language: 
English
License Type: 
All Rights Reserved
Peer Reviewed: 
Yes
Published year only: 
2016
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