Transport is a critical part of daily life for all New Zealanders. We use transport for access to services, freight, travel for work, education, health, and for visiting family and friends. Transport networks allow businesses, regions, and cities to be well connected and productive.
Transport can be a powerful enabler for new housing opportunities, liveable cities, and sustainable economic development in regional New Zealand.
The transport network also shapes our towns and cities, and how we get around. Streets are the largest area of, often highly valuable, public spaces in our towns and cities. How that space is allocated and used influences land use, property values, and the life and vibrancy of our towns and cities.
Transport investments have long lead times, high costs, and leave long legacies. Good transport investment therefore requires careful planning that allows for uncertainties to ensure today’s transport network will be able to meet our future needs.
The GPS outlines the Government’s strategy to guide land transport investment over the next 10 years. It also provides guidance to decision-makers about where the Government will focus resources. The GPS operates under the Land Transport Management Act 2003, which sets out the scope and requirements for the GPS (see Appendices 1, 2 and 3 for details).
The GPS influences decisions on how money from the National Land Transport Fund (the Fund) will be invested across activity classes, such as state highways and public transport. It also guides the NZ Transport Agency and local government on the type of activities that should be included in Regional Land Transport Plans and the National Land Transport Programme.
The GPS provides guidance on how around $4 billion of New Zealanders’ money is spent through the Fund each year. It also provides signals for spending of a further $1.5 billion each year on land transport through local government investment and a further $0.5 billion a year of Crown investment.