The appropriate role of the state in economic and social development has been much disputed in the past decades, with earlier ideas about an interventionist state under attack from a neo-liberal perspective rooted in the neo-classical economics which emphasis the superiority of the market forces. This force has led to the agriculture and change in Taiwan. The loss of agriculture lands has been studies for many years. The losses have been occurring from the time the settlers arrived in Taiwan. The focus of the paper was to understand, through survey and content analysis, the role of government in the governance for agriculture land use. The examination of these stages of agriculture land use of Kaohsiung-Pingtung area in Taiwan will make a contribution to our understanding of the interaction of economic, administrative, and political processes for land changes in the age of globalization, and may suggest lessons for policy makers involved in these processes of change. The result of this paper also contributes to the literature on governance for agriculture land use and change.