This thesis is a critical political economy analysis of the conditions of migrant workers in Canada. This study begins with a survey of the formal policy structure of neoliberalism and then shifts to a survey of critical evaluations of neoliberalism. Central to the critical analysis of migrant work and neoliberalism presented in this thesis is alienation theory, which is used to propose a theoretical language to analyse migrant work in Canada based on protectedness and vulnerability . Once a theoretical language is proposed this study examines the regulatory structure of the Canadian Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP), which regulates migrant workers in Canada. The formal institutional arrangements of the TFWP are then measured against the actual experiences of migrants in Canada.