The decision by President Donald Trump to withdraw the United States from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), commonly referred to as the Iran nuclear deal, has overthrown not only the existing calculus in the region but also that between Washington and the other signatories to the agreement. While it is unclear at this early stage what the exact outcomes of this action will be, it is clear that, first, the risks to the regime in Tehran have increased dramatically and, second, that Israel will feel encouraged to continue its political and military attacks on Tehran and the regime’s forces in Syria.
President Trump’s decision to withdraw the United States from the Iran nuclear deal has reinstalled the threat of sanctions on Tehran.
Iran’s need to be recognised as a regional leader has, simultaneously, forced it to engage in the ongoing civil war in Syria.
Those factors have encouraged Israel take a hard line against Iran, including direct and deliberate attacks against Iranian forces in Syria.
The situation has forced Iran to seek allies in its fight against the US and Israel.