This report contributes new evidence on why and how sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) risks increase during humanitarian disasters. It details how humanitarian actors can better prevent and respond to such escalation of SGBV, and better meet the needs of affected women, girls, men and boys. This research is based on community views of disaster-affected women, adolescent girls, men and adolescent boys in three South-East Asian countries: Indonesia, Lao PDR and the Philippines.
This research directly contributes to Priority Programme 4: PROTECT of the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) Work Programme 2016-2020 and calls for all members of the IFRC to strengthen implementation of the IFRC Minimum Standards on Protection, Gender and Inclusion in Emergencies (2018) and related protection standards.
Data for this report was collected in two disaster affected sites in each of the three participating country locations , to:
- Understand how SGBV affects women, girls, men and boys differently in all disaster affected ASEAN countries during and after disasters;
- Map essential SGBV response services in the health, legal, security and psychosocial sectors, that remain functioning during a disaster;
- Document how public authorities (including ASEAN coordinated response) and humanitarian actors (especially the Movement5 actors) have responded to disaster affected communities in the areas of SGBV prevention and response. Collect and document good practices but also recommend what could be done better.