Da Nang is a major harbor city and the largest urban centre in central Vietnam. In 2010, the city used roughly 17.9 petajoules of energy in various forms. Lack of local fossil fuel resources results in 100 percent reliance of Da Nang on energy imports. While notable solar energy potential and local wind resources are present, their utilisation has not yet started in the city. Transportation accounts for almost half of the city’s energy consumption, followed by industry (21 percent). The building sector is comprised of residential, commercial and public end-users, accounting for roughly 18 percent of energy consumption.
In order to ensure the effectiveness and impact of further energy efficiency improvements in the city’s buildings, it is important to:
• Accelerate the efforts on local implementation of the Vietnam Energy Efficiency Building Code (VEEBC);
• Facilitate establishment of partnerships and coordination between public and private investors;
• Foster alliances and collaborate closely with a coalition of actors from the national, state, and local levels, and from civil society and the private sector;
• Develop a high-quality pipeline of energy efficiency investment projects in the building sector;
• Clearly define roles and responsibilities on energy efficiency in buildings among individual agencies and personnel to avoid overlaps and increase the effectiveness of efforts;
• Establish a robust data collection framework;
• Engage more actively with the international donor community for identification and development of bankable energy efficiency projects in buildings;
• Develop an audit and retrofit program for existing buildings in the city, starting with the ones owned by the city to lead by example;
• Develop and implement demonstration projects to show benefits of energy efficiency in buildings to building owners, tenants and other stakeholders; and
• Imposing requirements for building energy performance at the city level which go beyond the VEEBC.