Russia has acknowledged energy efficiency as an important direction for its policy development. In 2008, an economy-wide target was set to reduce energy intensity by 40% by 2020 in relation to 2007. The target is supported by Federal Law 261 on Energy Savings and Energy Efficiency (2009) and the State Program on Energy Efficiency (2014). In 2014 and 2015, Astrakhan region and city respectively developed a Regional Program and a Municipal Programs, which outline indicators and measures for energy efficiency across different sectors in order to achieve the national target.
A number of existing barriers in Astrakhan potentially impeding implementation of these measures without efficient policy development are identified. The key conclusions are:
- Astrakhan has ambition to become a flagship sustainable city recognised both nationally and internationally.
- Energy efficient renovation of existing municipal and residential buildings together with modernization of heat supply and distribution facilities will offer a synergetic effect for increasing the city’s sustainability, together with other benefits such as higher levels of comfort, energy cost savings, increase in property values, job creation, and improvement of health and productivity.
- The City would benefit from joining international city energy efficiency networks; actively working with existing national platforms in Russia; and establishing a network of cities in the Caspian region to share the lessons learnt and provide the base for further replication.
- Having a strong knowledge base on international energy efficiency best-practices, and building on local experience accumulated in Russia during on-going and completed projects, the Copenhagen Centre on Energy Efficiency is supporting the efforts of the City of Astrakhan.