Germany’s carbon emissions have stagnated at roughly their 2009 level. The country remains Europe’s largest producer and burner of coal, which generates more than one-third of Germany’s power supply. Moreover, emissions in the transportation sector have shot up by 20 percent since 1995 and are rising with no end in sight, experts say. German consumers have seen their electricity bills soar since 2000, in part because of the renewable energy surcharge.
If Germany continues on its present course, its carbon emissions will fall by only 62 percent by 2050. One expert says that if a carbon price hits 30 euros per ton, that would effectively spell the end of coal. An industry scenario relies strongly on energy savings in the housing and building sector.