Briefing paper

This information and resource paper provides the context for a suite of materials targeted to a diverse range of people involved in the treatment, care and support of people with intersex variations.

The Victorian government commissioned this paper to support the development and implementation of evidence-based policies, programs and services, and to further understanding of the needs and interests of people with intersex variations in Victoria.

This paper has been developed with input from members of an Intersex Expert Advisory Group and other stakeholders who provided advice on a wide range of issues, including research limitations, current clinical practice, and appropriate and respectful terminology.

Key messages

  • People with intersex variations are born with physical, hormonal or genetic features that do not fit the typical expectations for male or female bodies.
  • Intersex variations are natural biological variations and occur in up to 1.7 per cent of all births.
  • People with intersex variations have the same range of sexual orientations and gender identities as non-intersex people.
  • People with intersex variations may experience issues arising from medical treatment in childhood, infertility, disclosure, body image, hormone treatment, bone mineral density and a lack of counselling and support for parents.
  • Health services should understand what intersex is and the difference between intersex and sexual orientation, intersex and trans, and intersex and gender diversity.
Publication Details
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