The Consumer Data Right (CDR) is an important reform that will give Australians greater control over their data, empowering consumers to choose to share their data with trusted recipients for purposes the consumer has authorised. After banking, the CDR will be rolled out to data in the energy sector, helping consumers to get tailored and innovative products and services.
This paper sets out the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission’s (ACCC) position on its preferred data access model for the CDR in the energy sector. Consideration of the appropriate data access model is a threshold issue for the implementation of the CDR in energy, as it impacts the authorisation and authentication arrangements for the energy sector, the standards that will be developed, and the allocation of liability.
The data access model also affects the extent to which accredited data recipients and data holders will interact with the ACCC Register, which will list the entities accredited to receive data under the CDR and the entities that will share data within the scope of the CDR.
We have considered stakeholder views on the merits of three data access model options: the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) centralised model, the AEMO gateway model and the economy-wide CDR model. Discussion of these models against the following assessment criteria is at section 4:
- user functionality
- cost effectiveness
- efficiency of relevant markets
- reliability, security and privacy
- flexibility and extensibility
- ability to facilitate timely CDR implementation.
In summary, the gateway model is the ACCC’s preferred data access model for third party access to energy consumer data in the National Electricity Market (NEM). This is because the gateway model:
- is the most suitable model to enable timely and effective implementation of the CDR for energy consumer data by leveraging AEMO’s existing data transfer infrastructure and efficiencies in liaising with the ACCC Register of accredited data recipients
- leverages AEMO’s energy data and IT expertise, and its ability to facilitate industry readiness for and compliance with initiatives involving substantial IT components
- is considered to most comprehensively address the assessment criteria. This view is supported by the majority of stakeholders that expressed a preference for a model.
Section 5 discusses our position in detail. In reaching our position we have had particular regard to the gateway model’s interoperability with the broader CDR ecosystem. We consider the development of the CDR standards by the Data Standards Body to be key to achieving this. Energy data holders should expect that the CDR requirements for providing data to the gateway will differ from the current protocols and processes used by the energy industry in business-to-business transactions.