The DCC maintains a watching brief on funder data policies, and since 2016 we have been collaborating with SPARC Europe to extend our coverage to make it more comprehensive at European level, and to cover open research practice more generally. While some studies have been done in this area, all are either out of date or concentrate on open access publications or open government data rather than open research data. The most recent known analysis dates from 2013, and while this is a relatively short period the intervening period has been one of considerable change in research data policy.
This document presents an updated review of Open Data and Open Science policies in Europe as of July 2019. It does not include Open Access to publications policy. This analysis goes more into depth on the types of policy in place in Europe, their processes of creation, and some of their specifics. This updated version of the deeper analysis reflects changes that have been identified between November 2018 and July 2019. We concentrate on the twenty-eight EU member states, but we also consider relevant countries from the European Research Area, namely Iceland, Norway, Serbia and Switzerland.
As with the first version of this analysis, we once again reached out to the European research community and received extremely helpful comments and pointers, particularly where documents are not currently available in English or work in progress has not yet been publicised. We are particularly grateful to the OpenAIRE National Open Access Desks (NOADs) for their help in identifying relevant documents and initiatives. Specific acknowledgements are given at the end of the document.
To summarise changes since the previous version, four new policies (AT, CZ, FI, NO)) have been added in the period between November 2018 and July 2019. Furthermore, new activity around national approaches to open data and open science has been noted in several additional countries, e.g., Bulgaria, Denmark, Portugal, Ireland, Romania and Slovakia.