This paper uses census data to document and analyse the changing nature of jobs in regional New Zealand between 1976 and 2013.
Recent international research has highlighted how the effects of changes in technology and markets vary among different parts of a country. Understanding this regional dimension of economic performance can help explain New Zealand’s aggregate productivity performance and how this performance could be improved.
This research distinguishes the employment dynamics of New Zealand’s large urban areas from those of smaller ones and shows how the transition paths out of manufacturing and into professional services sectors have varied among urban areas. It also shows how the economies of most cities and towns in New Zealand have become less reliant on specialist industries and more like each other, which has implications for regional labour mobility and government policy.