The Autonomous Region of Bougainville will hold an independence referendum on 23 November 2019. The options are either ‘greater autonomy’ or ‘independence’. However, the outcome of the referendum is non-binding under the PNG Constitution. Although there is a chance that the PNG Parliament could reject a vote for independence, it is unlikely to trigger another civil war.
The broader successes of the Bougainville Peace Agreement could impact other struggles for self-determination in the Pacific – writes Bal Kama.