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Report on Government services 2020: PART F, SECTION 17: Youth justice services

Indigenous children Youth justice Aboriginal Australian youth Indigenous incarceration Australia

Key Findings:

  • The average daily number of young people aged 10–17 years under youth justice supervision in Australia during  2018-19 was 4790. The majority of these young people were supervised on community-based orders (which include supervised bail, probation and parole) — nationally, on an average day in 2018-19, 85.0 per cent of young people aged 10–17 years who were supervised by youth justice services were in the community, with the remainder in detention.
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people were significantly overrepresented in youth justice detention. Nationally during 2018-19, the average daily detention rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 10–17 years was 31.2 per 10 000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people, 23 times the rate for non-Indigenous young people (1.4 per 10 000).
  • Youth justice services aim to promote community safety, rehabilitate and reintegrate young people who offend, and contribute to a reduction in youth re offending.
  •  Governments seek to provide youth justice services that divert young people who offend from further progression into the youth justice system to alternative services and assist young people who offend to address their offending behaviour.
  • The Government needs to support young people to understand the impact of their offending on others, including victims and the wider community recognise the rights of victims.


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