Labour force participation by women in Japan displays characteristics unobserved in most other advanced countries. One such characteristic is that labour market participation highly depends on family factors, particularly spousal income and the existence of children. Further, labour force participation rates do not necessarily climb in line with educational attainment. Given the comparatively low workforce participation rates of women in Japan, understanding the influence of education and spousal income, and their variance over time, is of key interest to policymakers.
This article is based on the seminar presented at ANU on the 23rd of February 2012, by Professor Tomoko Kishi of Nanzan University, Nagoya.