‘Securing’ the Indian Ocean? Competing regional security constructions

International relations Marine management Australia South Australia

In recent years, the regional security debate and responses in Australia have primarily reflected three competing security constructions of the Indian Ocean Region.
The first is an allembracing concept of an Indian Ocean Region comprising up to 51 states at its largest scale to 19 states at the scale of the Indian Ocean Rim-Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC). The second is a scaled-down version of the first into the East Indian Ocean.
The third and largest in area is an Indo-Pacific concept which emphasises the pre-eminence of regional naval power and ensures that India (along with Indonesia, Japan and the United States, among others) potentially plays a central policing role not only within the Indian Ocean Region.

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