This report examines some of the primary features of Australian peacekeeping and peacebuilding contributions in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea, in Solomon Islands and in Timor-Leste and identifies a number of lessons that emerge from these experiences.
Australia is a longstanding and committed contributor to global peace operations, having deployed more than 65,000 personnel to more than 50 UN and other multilateral peace and security operations since 1947. Over the past two decades Australia is proud to have contributed personnel, resources and leadership, alongside its regional partners, to a number of peace operations in the Asia–Pacific region. This report examines some of the primary features of these contributions in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea, in Solomon Islands and in Timor-Leste and identifies a number of lessons that emerge from these experiences. It seeks to focus on those policy innovations, best practices and lessons that have greatest potential for use in peacekeeping and peacebuilding efforts elsewhere.
Australia has been a partner for peace in each of these operations, recognising that assistance that aligns with local priorities and supports local leadership will be more effective and sustainable in the long term. Support from Australia and regional partners has built on the significant efforts made by the governments and peoples of Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste to emerge from conflict. Although this report focuses on Australia’s experiences, it recognises that the credit for peaceful transitions belongs overwhelmingly to the leaders and communities of these three countries themselves.