The South Australian Department of Education and Children’s Services (DECS) recognises that children and young people at risk of becoming or who are homeless, or are affected by homelessness, need timely and responsive support tailored to their unique needs to maintain their connection to education and learning.
Homelessness is described using three categories:
Primary homelessness: people without conventional accommodation, including improvised dwellings such as living on the street and sleeping in a car, parks or railway carriages for temporary shelter
Secondary homelessness: people who move frequently from one form of temporary shelter to another such as moving between friends’ houses or temporarily residing in specialist housing services
Tertiary homelessness: people living in medium- to long-term boarding houses where there is no secure lease and no private facilities.
This definition does not include overcrowded households or poor standards of housing often experienced by Indigenous people who are a group over-represented in the homeless population. The following should be considered in the context of Indigenous homelessness:
relocation and transient homelessness
escaping an unsafe environment
nowhere else to go, that is rooflessness
The following principles of good practice were published by the Office for Youth, Government of South Australia
Safe and Secure
Strengths Based Approach
Respect and Empowerment
Participation and Engagement
Privacy and Confidentiality
Coordination and Integration Access and Equity