ITAR reforms: misguided hope for Australia's dual and third country nationals

Defence Policy Australia North America

In an effort to mitigate known conflicts with human rights laws, the past five years has seen the United States implement four independent reforms to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations relevant to the treatment of dual and third country nationals in Australia.

While full implementation of these reforms awaits, the complexity of the concessions and the significant omissions from their scope suggests that the reforms will not materially improve existing difficulties and cannot be expected to negate Australia’s defence industry’s reliance on local exemptions from anti-discrimination and equal opportunity legislation. Given the imposition of additional cost on defence industry to leverage such concessions for limited gain, the enthusiasm with which they will be embraced remains to be seen.

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