Many changes have occurred in Australia since the establishment of the Australian Institute of Family Studies in 1980. This snapshot outlines some of the changes over the last four decades in when, how and where we work.
- For women, labour force participation rates have increased, with fewer women leaving the labour force, or taking time out of the labour force, when they have children.
- Family employment patterns have shifted over recent decades away from that of a breadwinning father and stay-at-home mother.
- More young people are pursuing further education, and many are juggling work and study
- It is still more common for mothers than for fathers, to use flexible work arrangements to balance work and family responsibilities.
- The COVID-19 pandemic has changed many aspects of work in 2020, with a sudden increase in unemployment and underemployment rates, and home-based work for all who were able to do their job from home. The full impact of COVID-19 on how we work is yet to be seen.