Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body cannot properly use its main energy source—the sugar glucose—resulting in high levels of glucose in the blood. It is caused either by the inability of the body to produce insulin (a hormone made by the pancreas to manage blood glucose levels) or by the body not being able to use insulin effectively, or both.
Management for people with diabetes includes healthy eating, regular physical activity and ongoing monitoring of glucose levels to minimise the risk of diabetes-related complications. All people with type 1 diabetes, and some people with type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes and other forms of diabetes will also require insulin to manage their condition. Some people with diabetes may require other medications to maintain glucose levels within their target range.
Technology is transforming care for people with diabetes. It is increasingly being used for management of the condition. The technology available can be categorised in 3 broad groups: technology for monitoring glucose; technology for insulin delivery; and information technology for managing diabetes.
This report assesses and describes the current data gaps and currently available data sources for monitoring the use of technology (devices) in managing diabetes. The report also briefly outlines the approval, access and distribution pathways for diabetes technology in Australia.