This scoping study examines the housing characteristics of recently arrived permanent and temporary migrants by their visa category, using data from a number of sources including the 2006 population census and the 2006 and 2010 General Social Surveys. Migrant groups that are examined include overseas students, skilled temporary migrants on the 457 sub-class visa, New Zealand citizens (who migrate without a visa under the Trans-Tasman Agreement), and permanent migrants in the Skilled, Family and Humanitarian migration visa categories. Their household and housing characteristics that are examined include household type, household size, location, housing tenure and housing costs. Comparisons are made with the Australian-born population where relevant. The study also examines changes in some of these characteristics with length of residence in Australia.