Pathways is based on the assumption that mobilising social resources to support children, families and their communities before problems emerge is more effective and cheaper than intervening when problems have become entrenched. The key is to work early in the developmental pathway, which does not necessarily mean early in life. The first phase of the project, carried out in the years 1999 to 2004, focussed on the transition to school in the most disadvantaged urban area in Queensland. It involved the integration of family support programs with preschool and school-based programs in seven schools, delivered within a community development framework. This first phase of the project is the primary focus of this report.