This report recommends the federal government implements a national energy efficiency program for 3.5 million low-income households over the next seven years. Although the government has committed to CPI indexation and cash assistance, cash assistant alone does not represent the best long-term solution for low-income households and government. The program would involve a home visit that would determine the most appropriate package of energy efficiency measures for each household. Each household would receive energy efficiency improvements up to the value of $2,000 (including the cost of the visit). The energy efficiency improvements may include, compact fluorescent light bulb (CFL) light bulbs, efficient shower roses, weather proofing, curtains, ceiling insulation and efficient refrigerators. Some households with special circumstances that need energy efficient water heating or air-conditioning may receive a grant of up to $6,000. This report finds that the costs of energy will rise substantially even without the introduction of the CPRS. An improvement in energy efficiency provides an opportunity for an effective demand side response by households that can shield households from the impact of rising energy costs through a reduction of energy consumption.