Natali Helberger is professor in Information Law at the Institute for Information Law. She studied Law at the Freie Universität Berlin. She received her doctarate from the University of Amsterdam. Her thesis, Controlling Access to Content: Regulating Conditional Access in Digital Broadcasting (2005), examines the regulation of digital gateways and their implications for information law and policy, competition, freedom of expression and the interests of users. It has been published by Kluwer International. In 2005, she was a visiting scholar at the University of California, Berkeley.